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Rituximab protects against development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease after kidney transplantation: a propensity-matched study

 Deok Gie Kim  ;  Juhan Lee  ;  Won Jun Seo  ;  Jae Geun Lee  ;  Beom Seok Kim  ;  Myoung Soo Kim  ;  Soon Il Kim  ;  Yu Seun Kim  ;  Kyu Ha Huh 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.9(1) : e16475, 2019 
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Recent studies have implicated B cells in atherosclerosis and have verified the atheroprotective effect of rituximab. Rituximab is widely used for desensitization in ABO-incompatible or crossmatch-positive kidney transplantation (KT). Using a single-center KT database, we performed propensity-matched analysis to investigate the association between rituximab and posttransplant atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Among 1299 eligible patients, 239 given rituximab induction were matched with 401 controls in a 1:2 propensity score matching process. The cumulative rate of ASCVD during 8 years of follow-up was significantly lower in rituximab-treated patients, compared with matched controls (3.7% vs. 11.2%; P = 0.012). However, all-cause mortality did not differ by group (2.9% vs. 4%; P = 0.943). In multivariable Cox analysis, rituximab proved independently protective of ASCVD (hazard ratio = 0.34, 95% confidence interval: 0.14-0.83). The lower risk of ASCVD seen with rituximab induction reached significance only in patient subsets of diabetes mellitus, pretransplant dialysis, or older age (>50 years). Rituximab induction confers a lower risk of ASCVD during the posttransplant period. This atheroprotective effect appears particularly beneficial in patients whose risk of ASCVD is heightened.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Deok Gie(김덕기)
Kim, Myoung Soo(김명수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8975-8381
Kim, Beom Seok(김범석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5732-2583
Kim, Soon Il(김순일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0783-7538
Kim, Yu Seun(김유선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5105-1567
Lee, Jae Geun(이재근) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6722-0257
Lee, Ju Han(이주한)
Huh, Kyu Ha(허규하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1364-6989
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