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병원의 의료화와 의료의 병원화 - 병원의 개념적 전환을 통해 본 의학의 문제

Other Titles
 Medicalization of hospital and hospitalization of medicine - Conceptual turn of hospital and modern medicine 
 Philosophy of Medicine (의철학연구), Vol.27 : 31-57, 2019 
Journal Title
Philosophy of Medicine(의철학연구)
Issue Date
hospital ; philosophy ; medicalization of hospital ; hospitalization of medicine
Hospital is a social institution which was designed for treating patients. Social institutions for caring the sick could be found almost every part of the world throughout the ages. However, ‘the hospital in the modern sense’ is an unique invention. The emergence of hospital became possible through the conceptual turn of the traditional institutions for caring the sick. Its process can be summarized as ‘medicalization of hospital.’ Initially, medical care was not an essential part of hospitals. Hospitals were the institutions for general help for the poor including the sick. The main focus of the service was to provide them with the basic necessaries such as food and bedding. The conceptual turn of hospital could take place when medical service became the essential part of the hospitals around the end of the 18th century. The medicalization of hospitals could be carried out by the following changes in three aspects. Firstly, the change of function: from caring for poor to caring for the sick. Secondly, the change of the running subject: from the churches to the laic government. Lastly, the change of the users: from the poor to the civilians. After the medicalization of the hospitals, the new conceptual turn is taking place: hospitalization of the medicine. All the medical activities are centralized around the hospitals and every important moment of human life cycle is captured in the hospitals. These conceptual change of hospitals makes hospitals a unique invention in history.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Humanities and Social Sciences (인문사회의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yeo, In Sok(여인석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8503-0222
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