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Cryptotia recurrence lowering technique with additional acellular dermal matrix graft

 Dongeun Lee  ;  Young Seok Kim  ;  Tai Suk Roh  ;  In Sik Yun 
 Archives of Craniofacial Surgery, Vol.20(3) : 170-175, 2019 
Journal Title
 Archives of Craniofacial Surgery 
Issue Date
Acellular dermal ; Congenital abnormalities ; Cryptotia, familial ; Ear cartilage
BACKGROUND: Cryptotia is a congenital anomaly in which the upper part of the retroauricular sulcus is absent and buried underneath the temporal skin. Various surgical techniques have been reported for the correction of cryptotia following Kubo's V-Y plasty in 1933. Conventional methods using a local skin flap, skin grafting, tissue expansion, Z-plasty, and any of these combined approaches can result in skin deficiency of the upper auricle. The aim of this study was to develop a new method that improves cosmetic results and has fewer complications. METHODS: This study involved four patients in whom five cryptotia deformities were corrected using V-Y plasty and Z-plasty. After elevation of the flap, acellular dermal matrix (ADM; MegaDerm) that was over 5 mm in thickness was applied to the cephalo-auricular angle and positioned to enhance the projection of the ear. Lastly, the flap was transposed to complete the repair. RESULTS: Between January 2014 and February 2018, cryptotia correction with ADM graft was performed in four patients. None of the patients developed a recurrence of cryptotia, and there were no postoperative complications such as wound infection, seroma formation, and dehiscence. In addition, the procedures resulted in a favorable cosmetic appearance. CONCLUSION: Based on these findings, i.e., no recurrence and a favorable cosmetic result, when using an ADM graft, it is suggested that this technique could be an alternative method of cryptotia correction. It could also lessen donor-site morbidity when compared to autologous cartilage grafting and be more cost-effective than using cartilage from a cadaver.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (성형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Seok(김영석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0981-2107
Roh, Tai Suk(노태석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8681-159X
Yun, In Sik(윤인식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1103-7047
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