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Characteristics of adhesion areas between the tissue expander and capsule in implant-based breast reconstruction

 Yoon Min Lim  ;  Kwang Hyun Park  ;  Dong Won Lee  ;  Dae Hyun Lew  ;  Tai Suk Roh  ;  Seung Yong Song 
 Archives of Plastic Surgery, Vol.46(4) : 330-335, 2019 
Journal Title
 Archives of Plastic Surgery 
Issue Date
Breast implantation ; Breast implants ; Mammaplasty ; Rotation ; Tissue expansion devices
BACKGROUND: The use of anatomic implants has improved the aesthetic results of breast surgery; however, implant malrotation is an uncommon, but serious complication of these procedures. Nevertheless, little research has explored implant adhesion. In this study, we investigated adhesion between the expander and the capsule. METHODS: Seventy-nine cases of immediate breast reconstruction via two-stage implantbased reconstruction performed between September 2016 and November 2017 were evaluated. Mentor CPX4 expanders were used in 14 breasts, and Natrelle expanders in 65. We analyzed areas of adhesion on the surfaces of the tissue expanders when they were exchanged with permanent implants. We investigated whether adhesions occurred on the cephalic, caudal, anterior, and/or posterior surfaces of the expanders. RESULTS: Total adhesion occurred in 18 cases, non-adhesion in 15 cases, and partial adhesion in 46 cases. Of the non-adhesion cases, 80% (n=12) were with Mentor CPX4 expanders, while 94.4% (n=17) of the total adhesion cases were with Natrelle expanders. Of the partial adhesion cases, 90.7% involved the anterior-cephalic surface. The type of tissue expander showed a statistically significant relationship with the number of attachments in both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses (P<0.001) and with total drainage only in the univariate analysis (P=0.015). CONCLUSIONS: We sought to identify the location(s) of adhesion after tissue expander insertion. The texture of the implant was a significant predictor of the success of adhesion, and partial adhesion was common. The anterior-cephalic surface showed the highest adhesion rate. Nevertheless, partial adhesion suffices to prevent unwanted rotation of the expander.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (성형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Roh, Tai Suk(노태석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8681-159X
Song, Seung Yong(송승용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3145-7463
Lew, Dae Hyun(유대현)
Lee, Dong Won(이동원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0046-3139
Lim, Yoon Min(임윤민)
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