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Fatigue and poor sleep are associated with driving risk among Korean occupational drivers

Authors
 Sooyoung Kwon  ;  Heejung Kim  ;  Gwang Suk Kim  ;  Eunhee Cho 
Citation
 Journal of Transport & Health, Vol.14 : e100572, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Transport & Health 
ISSN
 2214-1405 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Driving risk ; Occupational driver ; Fatigue ; Sleep quality ; Daytime sleepiness
Abstract
Background : Occupational drivers are vulnerable to traffic incidents. Although modifiable factors should be emphasized when developing preventive interventions, there is a lack of knowledge concerning how fatigue, sleep, and health status are associated with driving risk in occupational drivers. Objective : The aim of this study was to identify the associations between driving risk indices with fatigue and sleep-related characteristics in Korean occupational drivers. Methods : Participants were recruited from commercial vehicle companies specializing in trucks, construction vehicles, taxis, or buses (N = 161). A structured questionnaire consisted of Korean versions of the (1) Traffic Accident Risk Index; (2) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; (3) Epworth Sleepiness Scale; and (4) Short Form-12, version 2. Multiple linear and binary logistic regression analyses were performed using SPSS 24. Results : Participants’ mean age was 53.03 (SD = 9.42) years. Working as bus drivers, high perceived fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, and poor mental health status were associated with higher traffic accident risk index scores (all p-values < .05). Different factors associated with each risky driving behavior. Working for longer than 12 h per day and excessive daytime sleepiness were associated with consistent risky driving (both p-values < .05). High perceived fatigue, normal daytime sleepiness, and poor mental health status were associated with not wearing a seatbelt (all p-values = .01). Current smoking habit and alcohol usage were associated with speeding, while poor sleep quality was associated with a car crash occurred within the past year (all p-values ≤ .01). Conclusions : Comprehensive assessments should integrate multidimensional interventions including fatigue reduction, sleep management, and promoting efforts to foster physical and mental health for occupational drivers. Vehicle-related organizations need to develop both individual and systemic support through internal regulations and public policies to prevent the modifiable factors of driving risk.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214140518305991
DOI
10.1016/j.jth.2019.100572
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Gwang Suk(김광숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9823-6107
Kim, Heejung(김희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3719-0111
Cho, Eunhee(조은희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7871-6848
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/171499
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