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Imaging Features of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Quantitative and Qualitative Comparison Between MRI-Enhanced With Gd-EOB-DTPA and Gd-DTPA

 Son, Jinwoo  ;  Hwang, Shin Hye  ;  Park, Sumi  ;  Han, Kyunghwa  ;  Chung, Yong Eun  ;  Choi, Jin-young  ;  Kim, Myeong-jin  ;  Park, Mi-Suk 
 Investigative Radiology, Vol.54(8) : 494-499, 2019 
Journal Title
 Investigative Radiology 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the major imaging features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans with Gd-EOB-DTPA (EOB) and extracellular agent (ECA; Gd-DTPA) contrast media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 184 surgically proven HCCs in 169 patients who underwent a liver MRI with either EOB (n = 120) or ECA (n = 49), 55 HCCs were matched according to tumor size, Edmonson grade (major and worst), and gross type for each of the 2 contrast media. For the qualitative analysis, 2 board-certified radiologists independently reviewed arterial phase hyperenhancement, hypointensity on portal venous phase, hypointensity on delayed or transitional phase (DP/TP, 120-150 seconds), and capsule appearance. For the quantitative analysis, a third radiologist measured the signal intensity at each phase by placing the region of interest for tumor and normal liver parenchyma. The lesion-to-liver contrast (LLC) and lesion-to-liver contrast enhancement ratio (LLCER) were calculated. RESULTS: On qualitative analysis, hypointensity on DP/TP was seen more frequently with EOB (91% in reader 1, 89% in reader 2) than with ECA (73% in reader 1, 75% in reader 2; P = 0.026). Capsule appearance was seen less frequently with EOB (31% in reader 1, 44% in reader 2) than with ECA (73% in reader 1, 78% in reader 2; P < 0.001). On quantitative analysis, the LLC on arterial phase (AP) was better with ECA (P = 0.003), whereas LLC on DP was better with EOB (P < 0.001). The LLCER from precontrast to AP was higher with ECA (P = 0.022), whereas the LLCER from portal venous phase to DP was higher with EOB (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: ECA-MRI revealed better LLC on AP and detection rate of capsule appearance than EOB-MRI. EOB-MRI showed superior LLC on TP.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Park, Mi-Suk(박미숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5817-2444
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
Choi, Jin Young(최진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9025-6274
Han, Kyung Hwa(한경화)
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