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Coil-Protected Technique for Liquid Embolization in Neurovascular Malformations

 Keun Young Park  ;  Jin Woo Kim  ;  Byung Moon Kim  ;  Dong Joon Kim  ;  Joonho Chung  ;  Chang Ki Jang  ;  Jun-Hwee Kim 
 Korean Journal of Radiology, Vol.20(8) : 1285-1292, 2019 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Radiology 
Issue Date
Arteriovenous fistula ; Arteriovenous malformation ; Embolization ; NBCA ; Onyx
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the coil-protected technique for liquid embolization in neurovascular malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients who underwent coil-protected liquid embolization for symptomatic cranial (n = 13) and spinal (n = 9) arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were identified. A total of 36 target feeder vessels were embolized with N-butyl cyanoacrylate and/or Onyx (Medtronic). This technique was used to promote delivery of a sufficient amount of liquid embolic agent into the target shunt or nidus in cases where tortuous feeding arteries preclude a microcatheter wedging techniqu and/or to prevent reflux of the liquid embolic agent in cases with a short safety margin. The procedure was considered technically successful if the target lesion was sufficiently filled with liquid embolic agent without unintentional reflux. Angiographic and clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved for all 36 target feeders. Post-embolization angiographies revealed complete occlusion in 16 patients and near-complete and partial occlusion in three patients each. There were no treatment-related complications. Of the six patients who showed near-complete or partial occlusion, five received additional treatments: two received stereotactic radiosurgery for cerebral AVM, two underwent surgical removal of cerebral AVM, and one underwent additional embolization by direct puncture for a mandibular AVM. Finally, all patients showed complete (n = 19) or near-complete (n = 3) occlusion of the target AVF or AVM on follow-up angiographies. The presenting neurological symptoms improved completely in 15 patients (68.2%) and partially in seven patients (31.8%). CONCLUSION: The coil-protected technique is a safe and effective method for liquid embolization, especially in patients with various neurovascular shunts or malformations who could not be successfully treated with conventional techniques.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Joon(김동준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7035-087X
Kim, Byung Moon(김병문) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8593-6841
Kim, Jun-Hwee(김준휘)
Park, Keun Young(박근영)
Jang, Chang Ki(장창기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8715-8844
Chung, Joon Ho(정준호)
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