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Concurrent Validity of the Swallowing Monitoring & Assessment Protocol for the Elderly

Other Titles
 노년층 삼킴 평가 프로토콜의 공인타당도 
 HyangHee Kim  ;  Hyun-Joung Lee  ;  Hwa Young Pyo  ;  Jung Wan Kim  ;  Seong Hee Choi  ;  Hyunjoo Choi  ;  Heecheon You  ;  Seok-In Nam  ;  Ikjae Im 
 Communication Sciences & Disorders, Vol.24(2) : 508-518, 2019 
Journal Title
 Communication Sciences & Disorders 
Issue Date
Deglutition ; Aged ; Questionnaires ; Dysphagia Handicap Index (DHI) ; Swallowing Monitoring & Assessment Protocol (SMAP) ; Concurrent validity
Objectives: Since swallowing function deteriorates with aging, it is crucial to examine the elderly’s perception of their swallowing function and quality of life-swallowing. The purpose of this study was to establish the concurrent validity of the Swallowing Monitoring & Assessment Protocol (SMAP) and the Korean-Dysphagia Handicap Index (K-DHI). Methods: The results of the one-on-one survey via paper-pencil or mobile format presented to 91 older adults (men 20, women 71; mean age, 78±6.47 years) among 579 participants recruited from the 16 senior welfare or senior community centers were analyzed. Individual responses were converted into scores and Pearson correlation and Spearman rank order statistical analyses were done via the IBM SPSS Statistics version 25. Results: There was a strong correlation (r=.825, p<.01) between the overall scores of the SMAP and the K-DHI. Analysis of rank ordered data of response frequency of the 13 items with similar contents in two evaluation tools also revealed a moderate correlation (r=.655, p<.05). Items related with ‘dry mouth’ ranked as the first complaint in both evaluation tools. Also, ‘choking’ and ‘coughing’ on liquids or water was ranked third (SMAP) and second (K-DHI) complaints, respectively, in both evaluation tools. Conclusion: It should be recognized that some swallowing problems observed in older adults may be a consequence of ‘ageing’ rather than features of ‘disorder’, per se.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyang Hee(김향희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-2512
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