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Refractive Outcomes of 4-Year-old Children after Intravitreal Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor versus Laser Photocoagulation for Retinopathy of Prematurity

 Hyun Goo Kang  ;  Tae Young Kim  ;  Jinu Han  ;  Sueng-Han Han 
 Korean Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol.33(3) : 272-278, 2019 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue Date
Intravitreal injections ; Laser therapy ; Refractive errors ; Retinopathy of prematurity ; Vascular endothelial growth factor A
PURPOSE: To compare long-term refractive outcomes associated with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) versus laser photocoagulation treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

METHODS: A total of 52 eyes from 27 ROP patients treated at two tertiary referral-based hospitals from August 2006 to December 2013 were reviewed. The primary outcome was refractive error measured at the age of 4 years, accounting for within-patient inter-eye correlation. Secondary outcomes included the recurrence rate and treatment complications.

RESULTS: The mean age at refraction was 4.7 ± 0.3 years in the laser group (n = 30) and 4.4 ± 0.3 years in the anti-VEGF group (n = 22). No significant differences were noted in gestational age, birthweight, post-menstrual age at treatment, or ROP stage/zone distribution between groups. Mean spherical equivalent was also not significantly different (-1.0 diopters in the laser group and -0.3 diopters in the injection group, p = 0.603). Clustered regression analysis revealed that only gestational age was significantly correlated with mean spherical equivalent (p < 0.001; 95% confidence interval, -0.007 to -0.002). Recurrence was noted in four eyes (13.3%) in the laser group, but this difference was not significant (p = 0.128). There were no major systemic complications reported in either group.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment type, whether laser or anti-VEGF injection, does not appear to influence long-term refractive outcomes in ROP. Concern regarding refractive outcomes should not be the most important factor when selecting ROP treatment modality.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hyun Goo(강현구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8359-9618
Han, Seung Han(한승한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8972-4790
Han, Jinu(한진우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8607-6625
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