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Analysis of Complications of Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy Using CT-Guidance Modalities In a Multicenter Cohort of 10568 Biopsies

 Soon Ho Yoon  ;  Chang Min Park  ;  Kyung Hee Lee  ;  Kun Young Lim  ;  Young Joo Suh  ;  Dong Jin Im  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Dae Hee Han  ;  Mi-Jin Kang  ;  Ji Yung Choo  ;  Cherry Kim  ;  Jung Im Kim  ;  Hyunsook Hong 
 Korean Journal of Radiology, Vol.20(2) : 323-331, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Biopsy ; CT ; CT fluoroscopy ; Cone-beam CT ; Hemoptysis ; Image-guided biopsy ; Lung neoplasms ; Pneumothorax
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complications of percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy using CT-based imaging modalities for needle guidance in comparison with fluoroscopy in a large retrospective cohort.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by multiple Institutional Review Boards and the requirement for informed consent was waived. We retrospectively included 10568 biopsies from eight referral hospitals from 2010 through 2014. In univariate and multivariate logistic analyses, 3 CT-based guidance modalities (CT, CT fluoroscopy, and cone-beam CT) were compared with fluoroscopy in terms of the risk of pneumothorax, pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion, and hemoptysis, with adjustment for other risk factors.

RESULTS: Pneumothorax occurred in 2298 of the 10568 biopsies (21.7%). Tube insertion was required after 316 biopsies (3.0%), and hemoptysis occurred in 550 cases (5.2%). In the multivariate analysis, pneumothorax was more frequently detected with CT {odds ratio (OR), 2.752 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.325-3.258), p < 0.001}, CT fluoroscopy (OR, 1.440 [95% CI, 1.176-1.762], p < 0.001), and cone-beam CT (OR, 2.906 [95% CI, 2.235-3.779], p < 0.001), but no significant relationship was found for pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion (p = 0.497, p = 0.222, and p = 0.216, respectively). The incidence of hemoptysis was significantly lower under CT (OR, 0.348 [95% CI, 0.247-0.491], p < 0.001), CT fluoroscopy (OR, 0.594 [95% CI, 0.419-0.843], p = 0.004), and cone-beam CT (OR, 0.479 [95% CI, 0.317-0.724], p < 0.001) guidance.

CONCLUSION: Hemoptysis occurred less frequently with CT-based guidance modalities in comparison with fluoroscopy. Although pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion showed a similar incidence, pneumothorax was more frequently detected using CT-based guidance modalities.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Suh, Young Joo(서영주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2078-5832
Im, Dong Jin(임동진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8139-5646
Hur, Jin(허진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
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