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High risk of obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, and daytime sleepiness among commercial motor vehicle drivers

Authors
 Jun-Sang Sunwoo  ;  Dae-Seop Shin  ;  Young Hwangbo  ;  Won-Joo Kim  ;  Min Kyung Chu  ;  Chang-Ho Yun  ;  Taekyoung Jang  ;  Kwang Ik Yang 
Citation
 SLEEP AND BREATHING, Vol.ePub, 2019 
Journal Title
 SLEEP AND BREATHING 
ISSN
 1520-9512 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Commercial motor vehicle drivers ; Excessive daytime sleepiness ; Insomnia ; Obstructivesleep apnea
Abstract
PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of sleep problems, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), insomnia, and daytime sleepiness in commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers compared with that in the general population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comparing sleep habits and sleep problems in 110 truck drivers with 1001 matched controls from the general population. The assessment was based on self-administered questionnaires that included the Berlin questionnaire, the insomnia severity index, and the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS). Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine whether CMV drivers were independently associated with these sleep problems compared with controls. RESULTS: The prevalence of a high risk of OSA and insomnia was 35.5% and 15.2%, respectively, in CMV drivers, which was significantly higher than in controls with a prevalence of 12.2% and 4.1%, respectively (P < 0.001 for both). Although CMV drivers showed higher ESS scores than controls, the prevalence of daytime sleepiness did not differ between the two groups (19.1% vs. 16.8%, P = 0.54). After adjusting for covariates, CMV drivers had 3.68 times higher odds (95% CI 2.29-5.84) of OSA and 2.97 times higher odds (95% CI, 1.46-6.06) of insomnia compared with controls. However, the degree of daytime sleepiness was not independently associated with CMV drivers. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of OSA and insomnia in CMV drivers was higher than that in the general population. Daytime sleepiness was associated with increased BMI, depression, OSA, and short sleep duration, regardless of CMV driving as an occupational factor.
Full Text
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11325-019-01805-7
DOI
10.1007/s11325-019-01805-7
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Won Joo(김원주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5850-010X
Chu, Min Kyung(주민경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6221-1346
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/170322
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