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Association between household food insecurity and asthma in Korean adults

 Seo-Hee Park   ;  Byung-Jin Park   ;  Dong-Hyuk Jung   ;  Yu-Jin Kwon 
 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol.16(12) : E2115, 2019 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 
Issue Date
Korean adults ;  asthma ;  household food insecurity
Household food insecurity has been associated with noncommunicable diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the associationbetween household food insecurity and asthma in Korean adults. Household food security statuses were classified into three groups: Food-secure household, food-insecure household without hunger, and food-insecure household with hunger. The odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the presence of asthma according to household food security status were calculated using multiple logistic regression analyses after adjusting for confounding factors. A total of 14,770 participants were included in the analysis. The prevalence of asthma was 2.6% in those with a secure food status, 3.2% in those with an insecure food status without hunger, and 7.6% in those with an insecure food status with hunger (p < 0.001). Compared with that in participants with a household food secure status, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for asthma were 1.12 (0.73-1.73) in those with a food-insecure household without hunger status and 2.44 (1.33-4.46) in those with a food-insecure household with hunger status after additionally adjusting for confounding factors. We found that household food insecurity with hunger was significantly associated with asthma prevalence in Korean adults. Implementation of household food security screening and public health intervention could be helpful to prevent and reduce asthma in adults.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Yu-Jin(권유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9021-3856
Park, Byoung Jin(박병진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1733-5301
Park, Seo-Hee(박서희)
Jung, Dong Hyuk(정동혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3411-0676
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