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Utility of Cardiac CT for Preoperative Evaluation of Mitral Regurgitation: Morphological Evaluation of Mitral Valve and Prediction of Valve Replacement

Authors
 Young Joo Suh  ;  Sak Lee  ;  Byung-Chul Chang  ;  Chi Young Shim  ;  Geu-Ru Hong  ;  Byoung Wook Choi  ;  Young Jin Kim 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, Vol.20(3) : 352-363, 2019 
Journal Title
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY 
ISSN
 1229-6929 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Computed tomography ; Mitral regurgitation ; Mitral valve prolapse ; Mitral valve surgery ; Preoperative planning
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of cardiac computed tomography (CT) for the detection of mitral valve (MV) prolapse in mitral regurgitation (MR) with surgical findings as the standard reference, and to assess the predictability of MV replacement based on morphologic CT findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 156 patients who had undergone preoperative cardiac CT and subsequently received MV surgery due to severe MR were retrospectively enrolled. Non-repairable MV was defined when at least one of the following conditions was met: 1) anterior leaflet prolapse, 2) bi-leaflet prolapse, or 3) valve morphology (leaflet thickening, calcification, or mitral annular calcification [MAC]). Diagnostic performance of CT for the detection of the prolapsed segment was assessed with surgical findings as the standard reference. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the value of CT findings to predict actual valve replacement. RESULTS: During surgery, MV prolapse was identified in 72.1%. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy for the detection of MV prolapse were 99.1%, 81.4%, and 94.2%, respectively, per patient. One-hundred eighteen patients (75.6%) underwent MV repair and the remaining 38 patients received MV replacement. Bi-leaflet prolapse and valve morphology were independent predictors of valve replacement after adjusting for clinical variables (adjusted odds ratio, [OR] 8.63 for bi-leaflet prolapse; OR, 4.14 for leaflet thickening; and OR, 5.37 for leaflet calcium score > 5.6; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Cardiac CT can have high diagnostic performance for detecting the prolapsed segment of the MV and predictability of valve replacement before surgery. Bi-leaflet prolapse and valve morphology, such as leaflet thickening, or calcification or MAC, are the most important predictors of valve replacement.
Files in This Item:
T201901449.pdf Download
DOI
10.3348/kjr.2018.0350
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Suh, Young Joo(서영주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2078-5832
Shim, Chi Young(심지영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6136-0136
Lee, Sak(이삭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6130-2342
Chang, Byung Chul(장병철)
Choi, Byoung Wook(최병욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
Hong, Geu Ru(홍그루) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4981-3304
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/169888
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