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Anatomy of the Superficial Venous Structures of the Neck: A Cadaveric Study to Guide Superficial Injections

 Lee, Hyung-Jin  ;  Ryu, Seong-Yong  ;  Cong, Liyao  ;  Ahn, Hyung-jun  ;  Park, Min-Kyu  ;  Kim, Hee-Jin  ;  Hu, Kyung-Seok 
 DERMATOLOGIC SURGERY, Vol.45(2) : 203-209, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Anatomic Landmarks ; Anatomic Variation ; Cadaver ; Dermal Fillers/administration & dosage* ; Female ; Humans ; Injections ; Jugular Veins/anatomy & histology ; Male ; Neck/blood supply* ; Republic of Korea ; Veins/anatomy & histology*
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive aesthetic procedures of the neck are becoming more popular. However, anatomical studies on the venous structures of the neck in relation to these procedures are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to identify the locations and communication patterns of the anterior jugular vein and external jugular vein (AJV and EJV) and the communicating vein (CV) based on superficial anatomical landmarks and to determine dangerous areas for dermal filler injections into the neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty sides of the neck from Korean adult cadavers were dissected for this study. RESULTS: Four anatomical variants were identified. In Type Ia, the CV ran along the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) (33.4%); in Type Ib, a single vein was observed connecting the CV and the EJV at the level of laryngeal prominence (23.3%); in Type Ic, the CV proceeded separately from the medial side of the anterior border of the SCM (13.3%); and in Type II, the CV was absent while the EJV and AJV were observed (30%). CONCLUSION: Given the 4 anatomical variants identified in this study, the authors recommend exerting caution when performing dermal filler injections approximately 10, 30, and 60 mm lateral to the midsagittal line to avoid iatrogenic side effects.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine (구강내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Ahn, Hyoung Joon(안형준)
Hu, Kyung Seok(허경석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
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