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Correlation of Serum Biomarkers and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Monitoring Disease Progression in Patients With Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-Like Episodes Due to mtDNA A3243G Mutation

Authors
 Ha Neul Lee  ;  Choon-Sik Yoon  ;  Young-Mock Lee 
Citation
 Frontiers in Neurology, Vol.9 : 621, 2018 
Journal Title
 Frontiers in Neurology 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
lactate peak ; magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) ; mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) ; mitochondrion ; pediatric ; serum lactate
Abstract
Background: Analysis of serum biomarkers and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) are useful for monitoring disease progression in patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). We evaluated the correlation of serum biomarkers and MRS parameters during changes associated with stroke-like episodes. Methods: In 13 symptomatic MELAS patients carrying the A3243G mutation, we retrospectively obtained 207 voxels from 41 MRS studies, which were divided into three groups according to the temporal association with stroke-like episodes. The MRS NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, NAA/Cho ratios, the presence of a lactate peak, serum biomarkers, serum lactate level and the pyruvate (Lac/Pyr) ratio were determined. Results: In regions with acute infarcts, the severity of serum Lac/Pyr and that of the MRS lactate peak (P = 0.0007) correlated; serum lactate (P = 0.02), severity of elevated serum lactate (P = 0.04), and serum Lac/Pyr (P = 0.02) correlated weakly. In previously infarcted regions, the severity of the MRS lactate peak and serum Lac/Pyr (P = 0.03), as well as the severity of serum Lac/Pyr (P = 0.02) were weakly correlated. In structurally normal regions, we found a weak to moderate negative correlation between serum lactate and MRS NAA/Cr (P = 0.008), and between the severity of elevated serum lactate and MRS NAA/Cr (P = 0.002) as well as MRS NAA/Cho (P = 0.02). Conclusions: MRS parameters correlate with specific serum biomarkers, and are useful for monitoring changes in brain metabolites, particularly as related to stroke-like episodes.
DOI
10.3389/fneur.2018.00621
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
윤춘식(Yoon, Choon Sik) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2010-6710
이영목(Lee, Young Mock) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5838-249X
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/166616
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