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Gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI of mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas: imaging-histologic correlation

 Hyeon Tae Jeong  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim  ;  Yong Eun Chung  ;  Jin Young Choi  ;  Young Nyun Park  ;  Ki Whang Kim 
 American Journal of Roentgenology, Vol.201(4) : W603-W611, 2013 
Journal Title
 American Journal of Roentgenology 
Issue Date
Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology* ; Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology* ; Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology* ; Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde ; Contrast Media ; Female ; Gadolinium DTPA* ; Humans ; Image Enhancement/methods* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Reproducibility of Results ; Sensitivity and Specificity
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the enhancement patterns of mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas on gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR images using imaging-histologic correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the preoperative gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR images of 19 patients with mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas. Two readers independently interpreted enhancement patterns on arterial (globally high, rimlike), dynamic (washout, progressive), and hepatobiliary (target, nontarget) phase images. Dynamic enhancement was categorized as washout (hypoenhancement on later phase compared with arterial phase images) or progressive (persistent or gradually increased enhancement). Tumor enhancement ratio and tumor-to-liver signal difference curves were analyzed. The enhancement patterns were correlated with the extent of stromal fibrosis within the tumors. RESULTS: Rimlike arterial enhancement (89%, reader 1; 84%, reader 2) and a progressive dynamic pattern (89%, both readers) were predominant. Tumor enhancement ratio increased gradually from the arterial to the equilibrium phase then decreased in the hepatobiliary phase, but the tumor signal intensities were lower than liver signal intensity in all phases. The two lesions that both readers considered to have globally high arterial enhancement and a washout dynamic pattern presented with minimal or scattered stromal fibrosis. Target appearance in the hepatobiliary phase (reader 1, 42%; reader 2, 47%) was more commonly seen in tumors with central stromal fibrosis (reader 1, p = 0.025; reader 2, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas may be characterized by rimlike enhancement and a progressive dynamic pattern on gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR images, and these features seem related to the extent of stromal fibrosis in the tumor. Furthermore, mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas may have a pseudowashout pattern on gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR images because of progressive background liver enhancement. Therefore, radiologists need to be aware of this pattern as a possible pitfall.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ki Whang(김기황)
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Park, Young Nyun(박영년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0357-7967
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
Choi, Jin Young(최진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9025-6274
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