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삼킴 과제에 따른 한국 노년층의 혀압력 특성

Other Titles
 Characteristics of Tongue Pressures Based on Swallowing Tasks in Korean Healthy Older Adults 
 Seong Hee Choi  ;  HyangHee Kim  ;  Chul-Hee Choi  ;  Hae Ni Seo  ;  Chae Rim Park 
 Audiology and Speech Research, Vol.14(3) : 194-203, 2018 
Journal Title
 Audiology and Speech Research 
Issue Date
Swallowing ; Tongue pressure ; Aging
Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate tongue pressures of the elderly as a function of oral swallowing in swallowing tasks and tongue bulb locations. Methods Tongue pressures were compared between 2 locations (left vs. right) and also among 3 locations (anterior, medial, and posterior) of the tongue using the Digital Swallowing Workstation tongue bulb manometry system (KayPENTAX) in 20 young adults and 20 healthy older adults during dry swallow and 5 mL water swallow. Results Swallowing pressures significantly differed by task with higher pressure in dry swallow than in 5 mL water swallow. Older adults demonstrated significantly reduced tongue pressures during dry swallow than did young adults, whereas no group differences were observed during 5 mL water swallow. While no differences were found between the left and right of the tongue in either group, significantly greater tongue pressures were noted in the anterior compared with the middle or posterior portions. Furthermore, a negative relationship between tongue pressure and the Dysphagia Handicap Index was seen in older adults during dry swallow. Conclusion Age-related differences in terms of tongue pressures were evident only during dry swallow with a decline of the anterior tongue pressure amplitude. This study is significant in that it delineated the task and tongue bulb location-specific performance of swallowing in older adults.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyang Hee(김향희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-2512
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