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Biomechanical Properties of the Cornea Using a Dynamic Scheimpflug Analyzer in Healthy Eyes

Authors
 Hun Lee  ;  David Sung Yong Kang  ;  Byoung Jin Ha  ;  Jin Young Choi  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Tae-im Kim 
Citation
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.59(9) : 1115-1122, 2018 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
Corneal biomechanical property ; age ; dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer ; healthy adult population
Abstract
PURPOSE: To investigate biomechanical properties of the cornea using a dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer according to age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional, observational study, participants underwent ophthalmic investigations including corneal biomechanical properties, keratometric values, intraocular pressure (IOP), and manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE). We determined the relationship of biomechanical parameters and ocular/systemic variables (participant's age, MRSE, IOP, and mean keratometric values) by piecewise regression analysis, association of biomechanical parameters with variables by Spearman's correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses, and reference intervals (RI) by the bootstrap method. RESULTS: This study included 217 eyes of 118 participants (20-81 years of age). Piecewise regression analysis between Corvis-central corneal thickness (CCT) and participant's age revealed that the optimal cut-off value of age was 45 years. No clear breakpoints were detected between the corneal biomechanical parameters and MRSE, IOP, and mean keratometric values. Corneal velocity, deformation amplitude, radius, maximal concave power, Corvis-CCT, and Corvis-IOP exhibited correlations with IOP, regardless of age (all ages, 20-44 years, and over 44 years). With smaller deformation amplitude and corneal velocity as well as increased Corvis-IOP and Corvis-CCT, IOP became significantly increased. We provided the results of determination of confidence interval from RI data using bootstrap method in three separate age groups (all ages, 20-44 years, and over 44 years). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated multiple corneal biomechanical parameters according to age, and reported that the corneal biomechanical parameters are influenced by IOP.
Files in This Item:
T201803974.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2018.59.9.1115
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
강성용(Kang, Sung Yong)
김응권(Kim, Eung Kweon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
김태임(Kim, Tae Im) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
서경률(Seo, Kyuong Yul) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
이훈(Lee, Hun)
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/165047
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