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Long-Term Stability of Pre-Orthodontic Orthognathic Bimaxillary Surgery Using Intraoral Vertical Ramus Osteotomy Versus Conventional Surgery

 Jeong-Hwa Jeong  ;  Sung-Hwan Choi  ;  Kee-Deog Kim  ;  Chung-Ju Hwang  ;  Sang-Hwy Lee  ;  ‖, Hyung-Seog Yu 
 Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol.76(8) : 1753-1762, 2018 
Journal Title
 Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term stability of bimaxillary surgery using an intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) with and without presurgical orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included 31 consecutive patients with skeletal Class III malocclusions who had undergone bimaxillary surgery (Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral IVRO). Patients were divided into 2 groups based on treatment type: pre-orthodontic orthognathic surgery (POGS; n = 17) and conventional surgery with presurgical orthodontic treatment (CS; n = 14). Lateral cephalograms were obtained before surgery, 1 day after surgery, 1 month after surgery, 1 year after surgery, and 2 years after surgery to evaluate skeletal and soft tissue changes between the 2 groups. Data were analyzed using χ2 tests, Mann-Whitney U tests, repeated-measures analyses of variance, and independent t tests. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in skeletal or soft tissue measurements-with the exception of the angle between the sella-and-nasion plane and the occlusal plane (SN-OP; P < .001)-between the CS and POGS groups at 2 years after IVRO. The SN-OP had increased in the CS group but decreased in the POGS group at 2 years after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that POGS and CS have similar long-term stability in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion.
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Advanced General Dentistry (통합치의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kee Deog(김기덕) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3055-5130
Yu, Hyung Seog(유형석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1275-5078
Lee, Sang Hwy(이상휘) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9438-2489
Choi, Sung Hwan(최성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
Hwang, Chung Ju(황충주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3024-4551
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