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Toward safer prescribing: Evaluation of a prospective Drug Utilization Review system on inappropriate prescriptions, prescribing patterns, and adverse drug events and related health expenditure in South Korea

 S.J. Kim  ;  K.-T. Han  ;  H.-G. Kang  ;  E.-C. Park 
 PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.163 : 128-136, 2018 
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Drug utilization review ; Drug-related side-effects and adverse reactions ; Health expenditure ; Prescription drug misuse
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the prospective drug utilization review (DUR) system introduced in Korea in December 2010 as a real-time method to improve patient safety, in terms of changes in prescribing practices, adverse drug events (ADEs), and ADE-related healthcare expenditure, using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and their common ADEs as a guide. STUDY DESIGN: We used an interrupted time-series study design using generalized estimating equations to evaluate changes in prescription rate and ADE-related healthcare expenditure. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the probability of NSAID-associated ADEs. METHODS: A total of 154,585 outpatients with musculoskeletal or connective tissue disorders, without pre-existing gastric bleeding or ulcers were included in this study. The primary outcome was the level and trend change in prescription rate, drug-drug interactions, coprescribed gastro-protective drugs, and defined daily dose (DDD) of NSAIDs. The secondary outcome was the probability of ADEs and changes in ADE-related healthcare expenditure. RESULTS: There was a significant trend change after introducing the DUR system in terms of drug-drug interactions (-3.6%) and coprescribed gastro-protective drugs (+0.6%). The mean DDD of NSAIDs increased by 0.2. The probability of ADEs decreased overall (-1.7%) and in the high-risk group (age ≥65 years; -9.6%); however, only the latter was significant. There was no significant trend or level change in ADE-related health expenditure. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of the DUR system was associated with more efficient prescribing, including a reduction in drug-drug interactions and an increase in the use of gastro-protective drugs. The system had a positive effect on patient outcome but was not associated with reduced ADE-related costs. Further studies are needed to evaluate the long-term effects of the DUR system in Korea.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
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