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Liver fibrosis: stretched exponential model outperforms mono-exponential and bi-exponential models of diffusion-weighted MRI

 Nieun Seo  ;  Yong Eun Chung  ;  Yung Nyun Park  ;  Eunju Kim  ;  Jinwoo Hwang  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim 
 EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY, Vol.28(7) : 2812-2822, 2018 
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Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging ; Fibrosis ; Liver ; Liver cirrhosis
OBJECTIVES: To compare the ability of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) parameters acquired from three different models for the diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis (HF). METHODS: Ninety-five patients underwent DWI using nine b values at 3 T magnetic resonance. The hepatic apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from a mono-exponential model, the true diffusion coefficient (D t ), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D p ) and perfusion fraction (f) from a biexponential model, and the distributed diffusion coefficient (DDC) and intravoxel heterogeneity index (alpha) from a stretched exponential model were compared with the pathological HF stage. For the stretched exponential model, parameters were also obtained using a dataset of six b values (DDC(#), alpha(#)). The diagnostic performances of the parameters for HF staging were evaluated with Obuchowski measures and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. The measurement variability of DWI parameters was evaluated using the coefficient of variation (CoV). RESULTS: Diagnostic accuracy for HF staging was highest for DDC(#) (Obuchowski measures, 0.770 +/- 0.03), and it was significantly higher than that of ADC (0.597 +/- 0.05, p < 0.001), D t (0.575 +/- 0.05, p < 0.001) and f (0.669 +/- 0.04, p = 0.035). The parameters from stretched exponential DWI and D p showed higher areas under the ROC curve (AUCs) for determining significant fibrosis (>/=F2) and cirrhosis (F = 4) than other parameters. However, D p showed significantly higher measurement variability (CoV, 74.6%) than DDC(#) (16.1%, p < 0.001) and alpha(#) (15.1%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Stretched exponential DWI is a promising method for HF staging with good diagnostic performance and fewer b-value acquisitions, allowing shorter acquisition time. KEY POINTS: * Stretched exponential DWI provides a precise and accurate model for HF staging. * Stretched exponential DWI parameters are more reliable than D p from bi-exponential DWI model * Acquisition of six b values is sufficient to obtain accurate DDC and alpha.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Park, Young Nyun(박영년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0357-7967
Seo, Nieun(서니은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8745-6454
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
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