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Hepatic cavernous hemangiomas: long-term (> 5 years) follow-up changes on contrast-enhanced dynamic computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging and determinant factors of the size change

 Jiae Choi  ;  Jeong-Sik Yu  ;  Eun-Suk Cho  ;  Joo Hee Kim  ;  Jae-Joon Chung 
 RADIOLOGIA MEDICA, Vol.123(5) : 323-330, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Contrast Media ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Gadolinium DTPA ; Cavernous/*diagnostic imaging/*pathology Hemangioma ; Humans ; Liver Neoplasms/*diagnostic imaging/*pathology ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/*methods ; Male ; Middle Aged ; X-Ray Computed/*methods Tomography ; Tumor Burden
Computed tomography ; Hepatic hemangioma ; Interval change ; Liver cirrhosis ; Magnetic resonance imaging
PURPOSE: To investigate the very long-term (> 5 years) follow-up changes of hepatic cavernous hemangiomas and to evaluate possible determinant factors for the changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 1115 consecutive patients suspected of having hepatic hemangiomas based on imaging features, 101 patients with comparable computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging data during a 5-year follow-up interval in the Picture Archiving and Communication System were analyzed. Two radiologists independently determined the largest dimension of each lesion on axial images. In addition to background liver fibrosis or steatosis on imaging, histories of use of chemotherapeutic agents were checked from the patients' records. The final size change of the hemangioma was categorized into three groups compared with the initial diameter (increased, > 120%; no change, 80-120%; decreased, < 80%). RESULTS: Among the 101 hemangiomas, 32 lesions (31.7%) were enlarged and 21 lesions (20.8%) were shrunken during intervals of 60-157 (median, 81) months. Younger patients showed a higher prevalence of lesion enlargement (mean age: enlarged, 47.3 years; no change, 52.8 years; shrunken, 57.1 years; p = 0.003). In 15 patients with cirrhosis, the lesions (shrunken, n = 7; enlarged, n = 1) showed a higher tendency of size decrease (p = 0.009), whereas other factors did not show statistical significance (p > 0.05). Only a minor proportion (1%, n = 1) of the lesions showed size fluctuation during follow-up. CONCLUSION: During the long-term (5-13 years) follow-up, about 50% of the hepatic hemangiomas were enlarged or shrunken to > 20% of the initial diameter. Aside from the cirrhosis and aging factors, the size changes seemed sporadic.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Joo Hee(김주희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5383-3602
Yu, Jeong Sik(유정식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8171-5838
Chung, Jae Joon(정재준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7447-1193
Cho, Eun Suk(조은석)
Choi, Jiae(최지애) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3191-9469
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