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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Reduces Hypnotic Prescriptions

 Kyung Mee Park  ;  Tae Ho Kim  ;  Woo Jung Kim  ;  Suk Kyoon An  ;  Kee Namkoong  ;  Eun Lee 
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION, Vol.15(5) : 499-504, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cognitive behavioral therapy ; Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia ; Hypnotics ; Insomnia ; Sleep
Objective: This study determined whether cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) decreased the need for sleep medications and produced better treatment outcomes than pharmacotherapy alone. Methods: We reviewed data from patients with insomnia in the outpatient clinic of a general hospital between 2009 and 2015. We compared 41 patients who received five sessions of CBT-i with 100 age- and sex-matched patients who received pharmacotherapy only. We evaluated the change in prescription for sleep (i.e., antidepressants, hypnotics, and others) between the first and last visits using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). Clinical global impressions and completion status at the last visit were assessed using the chisquare test. Results: We found a significant decrease in the prescription rate and the dosage of hypnotics among patients who received CBT-i when compared with control patients. There was no significant change in the dosage of antidepressants between the two groups. Achievement of case closure was better in the CBT-i group at the trend level. Clinical global impression at the last visit was not significantly different. Conclusion: These results show that CBT-i reduces the need for hypnotics among insomnia patients. Our results indicate that CBT-i offers additional benefits beyond improving sleep characteristics and thus provides another reason for recommending CBT-i as a first-line treatment for insomnia.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Namkoong, Kee(남궁기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1400-8057
Park, Kyung Mee(박경미) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2416-2683
An, Suk Kyoon(안석균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-6184
Lee, Eun(이은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-0144
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