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Baseline Chloride Levels are Associated with the Incidence of Contrast-Associated Acute Kidney Injury

Authors
 Hyung Jung Oh  ;  Sungwon Kim  ;  Jung Tak Park  ;  Sang-Joon Kim  ;  Seung Hyeok Han  ;  Tae-Hyun Yoo  ;  Dong-Ryeol Ryu  ;  Shin-Wook Kang  ;  Yong Eun Chung 
Citation
 Scientific Reports, Vol.7(1) : 17431, 2017 
Journal Title
 Scientific Reports 
Issue Date
2017
Abstract
Although hypo- and hyperchloremia have been associated with worsening renal outcomes, there has been no study that correlates hypo- and hyperchloremia and the incidence of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI). A total of 13,088 patients with less than 2.0 mg/dL of serum creatinine (Cr) who underwent contrast-enhanced abdominal CT (CECT) were included. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on Cl (the hypo-, normo- and hyperchloremia groups). Patients were also classified by baseline Cr (<1.2; the 'Normal Cr group' and 1.2-2.0 mg/dL; the 'Slightly increased Cr group'). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to reveal the association between Cl and CA-AKI. Among patients, 2,525 (19.3%) and 241 (1.8%) patients were classified in the hypo- and hyperchloremia group. The incidence of CA-AKI was significantly lower in the normochloremia group (4.0%) compared to the hypo- (5.4%) and hyperchloremia groups (9.5%). On multivariate logistic regression, hypochloremia was significantly associated with the incidence of CA-AKI compared with normochloremia (1.382, P = 0.002). Moreover, hypochloremia was still significantly associated with the incidence of CA-AKI in 'Normal Cr group' compared with normochloremia (1.314, P = 0.015), while hyperchloremia did not show significant association with CA-AKI incidence. In conclusion, hypochloremia might be associated with the incidence of CA-AKI even in patients who have normal-range Cr levels.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/161509
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-17763-7
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
강신욱(Kang, Shin Wook) ; 김성원(Kim, Sungwon) ; 박정탁(Park, Jung Tak) ; 유태현(Yoo, Tae Hyun) ; 정용은(Chung, Yong Eun) ; 한승혁(Han, Seung Hyeok)
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