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Prevalence of Intracranial Aneurysms in Patients with Aortic Dissection

 W.S. Jung  ;  J.H. Kim  ;  S.J. Ahn  ;  S.-W. Song  ;  B.M. Kim  ;  K.-D. Seo  ;  S.H. Suh 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY, Vol.38(11) : 2089-2093, 2017 
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is an uncertainty about the association between intracranial aneurysms and aortic dissection. We aimed to determine the prevalence of intracranial aneurysms in patients with aortic dissection and evaluate the independent risk factors for the presence of intracranial aneurysms in these patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one patients with a confirmed aortic dissection who underwent additional brain imaging were enrolled as the aortic dissection group, and 2118 healthy individuals with brain imaging, as controls. Demographic data were obtained from their medical records, including age, sex, comorbidities, and arch vessel involvement of aortic dissection. Two readers reviewed all brain images independently regarding the presence, morphology, size, and location of intracranial aneurysms. Baseline characteristics were compared between the aortic dissection group and controls by propensity score matching, and logistic regression analysis was performed for independent risk factors for the presence of intracranial aneurysms.

RESULTS: The prevalence of intracranial aneurysms was 12.96% in the aortic dissection group and 1.85% in controls (P = .022). The mean diameter of intracranial aneurysms was significantly larger in the aortic dissection group (5.79 ± 3.26 mm in aortic dissection versus 3.04 ± 1.57 mm in controls; P = .008), and intracranial aneurysms of >7 mm were also more common in the aortic dissection group (28.6% in aortic dissection versus 5.3% in controls, P = .003). On multivariate analysis, arch vessel involvement of aortic dissection was an independent risk factor for the presence of intracranial aneurysms (odds ratio, 6.246; 95% confidence interval, 1.472-26.50; P = .013).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with aortic dissection have a high prevalence of intracranial aneurysms, and selective screening for brain vessels could be considered in these patients with arch vessel involvement. A further prospective study is needed to demonstrate a substantial prevalence of intracranial aneurysms.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Byung Moon(김병문) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8593-6841
Suh, Sang Hyun(서상현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7098-4901
Song, Suk Won(송석원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9850-9707
Ahn, Sung Jun(안성준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0075-2432
Jung, Woo Sang(정우상)
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