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Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of programmed death ligand-1 expression in breast cancer: a meta-analysis

 Hye Min Kim  ;  Jinae Lee  ;  Ja Seung Koo 
 BMC CANCER, Vol.17(1) : 690, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Breast cancer ; Meta-analysis ; PD-L1 ; Prognosis
BACKGROUND: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) may be a useful molecule for targeted immunotherapy. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to investigate PD-L1 expression in breast cancer and its associations with clinicopathological factors and outcomes, which may help determine whether PD-L1 expression is a useful prognostic marker.

METHODS: The Medline Ovid, Cochrane, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for studies that evaluated the prognostic or clinicopathological significance of PD-L1 expression in patients with breast cancer, and reported at least one survival-related outcome.

RESULTS: Six studies that included 7877 cases were selected for the analysis. Higher PD-L1 expression in all cells was related to higher histological grade and lymph node metastasis. Higher PD-L1 expression in tumor cell was related to larger tumor size, estrogen receptor negativity, progesterone receptor negativity, human epidermal growth factor type-2 positivity, and triple-negative breast cancer. PD-L1 positivity in all cells was associated with poorer disease-free survival, although it was not significantly associated with overall survival.

CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis revealed that cases of breast cancer with PD-L1 positivity in all cells exhibited higher histological grades, lymph node metastasis, and poorer disease-free survival. Therefore, positive expression of PD-L1 may be a useful prognostic marker in breast cancer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koo, Ja Seung(구자승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4546-4709
Kim, Hye Min(김혜민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2899-9480
Lee, Jinae(이진애)
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