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The effect of different cooling rates and coping thicknesses on the failure load of zirconia-ceramic crowns after fatigue loading

Authors
 Yu Lung Tang  ;  Jee-Hwan Kim  ;  June-Sung Shim  ;  Sunjai Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF ADVANCED PROSTHODONTICS, Vol.9(3) : 152-158, 2017 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF ADVANCED PROSTHODONTICS 
ISSN
 2005-7806 
Issue Date
2017
Keywords
Cooling rate ; Coping thickness ; Failure ; Zirconia
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different coping thicknesses and veneer ceramic cooling rates on the failure load of zirconia-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zirconia copings of two different thicknesses (0.5 mm or 1.5 mm; n=20 each) were fabricated from scanning 40 identical abutment models using a dental computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing system. Zirconia-ceramic crowns were completed by veneering feldspathic ceramics under different cooling rates (conventional or slow, n=20 each), resulting in 4 different groups (CONV05, SLOW05, CONV15, SLOW15; n=10 per group). Each crown was cemented on the abutment. 300,000 cycles of a 50-N load and thermocycling were applied on the crown, and then, a monotonic load was applied on each crown until failure. The mean failure loads were evaluated with two-way analysis of variance (P=.05). RESULTS: No cohesive or adhesive failure was observed after fatigue loading with thermocycling. Among the 4 groups, SLOW15 group (slow cooling and 1.5 mm chipping thickness) resulted in a significantly greater mean failure load than the other groups (P<.001). Coping fractures were only observed in SLOW15 group. CONCLUSION: The failure load of zirconia-ceramic crowns was significantly influenced by cooling rate as well as coping thickness. Under conventional cooling conditions, the mean failure load was not influenced by the coping thickness; however, under slow cooling conditions, the mean failure load was significantly influenced by the coping thickness.
Files in This Item:
T201703705.pdf Download
DOI
10.4047/jap.2017.9.3.152
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sun Jai(김선재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0828-8008
Kim, Jee Hwan(김지환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0872-4906
Shim, June Sung(심준성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1428-0122
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/160947
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