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Clinical Implications of Three-Dimensional Real-Time Color Doppler Transthoracic Echocardiography in Quantifying Mitral Regurgitation: A Comparison with Conventional Two-Dimensional Methods

 Ran Heo  ;  Jang-Won Son  ;  Briain ó Hartaigh  ;  Hyuk-Jae Chang  ;  Young-Jin Kim  ;  Saurabh Datta  ;  In-Jeong Cho  ;  Chi Young Shim  ;  Geu-Ru Hong  ;  Jong-Won Ha  ;  Namsik Chung 
 Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, Vol.30(4) : 393-403.e7, 2017 
Journal Title
 Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 
Issue Date
Algorithms* ; Computer Systems ; Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods* ; Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods* ; Female ; Humans ; Image Enhancement/methods ; Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods* ; Machine Learning ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine/methods* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging* ; Mitral Valve Insufficiency/pathology ; Pattern Recognition, Automated/methods* ; Reproducibility of Results ; Sensitivity and Specificity
Full volume color Doppler echocardiography ; Mitral regurgitation ; Proximal isovelocity surface area ; Three-dimensional echocardiography
BACKGROUND: Automatic quantification of real-time three-dimensional (3D) full-volume color Doppler transthoracic echocardiography (FVCD) has been proposed as a feasible and accurate method for quantifying MR. We aimed to explore the clinical implications of real-time 3D-FVCD for mitral regurgitation (MR) with various clinical manifestations, in comparison with the conventional two-dimensional (2D) proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) and volumetric method and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) methods. METHODS: A total 186 patients with MR were enrolled prospectively. Based on exclusion criteria and image quality review, 152 patients were included in the final analysis for 3D-FVCD and 2D transthoracic echocardiography. Among them, 37 patients underwent subsequent CMR for the validation of 3D-FVCD. RESULTS: MR volume from 3D-FVCD demonstrated a better agreement (r = 0.94) with CMR than 2D-PISA or the 2D volumetric method (VM; r = 0.87 vs 0.56). Overall, 2D methods underestimated MR when compared with 3D-FVCD (35.4 ± 28.4 mL for 2D-VM vs 43.8 ± 24.6 mL for 2D-PISA vs 64.6 ± 35.1 mL for 3D-FVCD; P < .001). In subgroup analysis, multijet MR (odds ratio [OR], 6.30; 95% CI, 2.52-15.72) and dilated left ventricular end-systolic diameter ≥40 mm (OR, 2.90; 95% CI, 1.12-7.50) were predictors of significant difference in MR volume (>30 mL for primary MR and >15 mL for secondary MR) between 2D-PISA and 3D-FVCD. In identifying surgical candidates, patients with multijet MR (OR, 4.53, 95% CI, 1.99-10.35) demonstrated a higher risk of discrepancy between 2D-PISA and 3D-FVCD, which were consistent in both primary and secondary MR, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: MR quantification with 3D-FVCD showed better correlation and agreement than conventional 2D methods. MR was underestimated by 2D methods, especially in multijet and dilated left ventricle. Multijet MR demonstrated higher risk of discrepancy for the identification of surgical candidate, regardless of MR etiology.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김영진(Kim, Young Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
심지영(Shim, Chi Young) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6136-0136
장혁재(Chang, Hyuck Jae) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6139-7545
정남식(Chung, Nam Sik)
조인정(Cho, In Jeong)
하종원(Ha, Jong Won) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
허란(Heo, Ran)
홍그루(Hong, Geu Ru) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4981-3304
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