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Early Detection and Serial Monitoring of Anthracycline-Induced Cardiotoxicity Using T1-mapping Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Animal Study

 Yoo Jin Hong  ;  Heae Surng Park  ;  Jeffrey Kihyun Park  ;  Kyunghwa Han  ;  Chul Hwan Park  ;  Tai Kyung Kim  ;  Sae Jong Yoo  ;  Ji Yeon Lee  ;  Pan Ki Kim  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Hye-Jeong Lee  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Young Joo Suh  ;  Mun Young Paek  ;  Byoung Wook Choi 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.7(1) : 2663, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
A reliable, non-invasive diagnostic method is needed for early detection and serial monitoring of cardiotoxicity, a well-known side effect of chemotherapy. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of T1-mapping cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for evaluating subclinical myocardial changes in a doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity rabbit model. Adult male New Zealand White rabbits were injected twice-weekly with doxorubicin and subjected to CMR on a clinical 3T MR system before and every 2-4 weeks post-drug administration. Native T1 and extracellular volume (ECV) values were measured at six mid-left ventricle (LV) and specific LV lesions. Histological assessments evaluated myocardial injury and fibrosis. Three pre-model and 11 post-model animals were included. Myocardial injury was observed from 3 weeks. Mean LV myocardium ECV values increased significantly from week 3 before LV ejection fraction decreases (week 6), and ECVs of the RV upper/lower insertion sites and papillary muscle exceeded those of the LV. The mean native T1 value in the mid-LV increased significantly increased from week 6, and LV myocardium ECV correlated strongly with the degree of fibrosis (r = 0.979, p < 0.001). Myocardial T1 mapping, particularly ECV values, reliably and non-invasively detected early cardiotoxicity, allowing serial monitoring of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Park, Chul Hwan(박철환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0004-9475
Park, Heae Surng(박혜성)
Suh, Young Joo(서영주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2078-5832
Lee, Hye Jeong(이혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
Choi, Byoung Wook(최병욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
Hur, Jin(허진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
Hong, Yoo Jin(홍유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7276-0944
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