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The effects of patient education on patient safety: can we change patient perceptions and attitudes?: Lessons from the Armed Forces Capital Hospital in Korea

Authors
 JinOk An  ;  Seung Ju Kim  ;  Sohee Park  ;  Ki Tae Moon  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR QUALITY IN HEALTH CARE, Vol.29(3) : 392-398, 2017 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR QUALITY IN HEALTH CARE 
ISSN
 1353-4505 
Issue Date
2017
MeSH
Adult ; Attitude to Health ; Hospitals, Military ; Humans ; Male ; Medical Errors/prevention & control ; Military Personnel/psychology ; Patient Education as Topic/methods* ; Patient Safety/standards* ; Republic of Korea ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
patient education ; patient safety ; surveys
Abstract
Objective: Strategies to promote patient involvement in medical error prevention have been implemented, but little is known about the effects of education on changes in perceptions and attitudes about patients' own safety. Design: We administered a survey to military personnel admitted to the Armed Forces Capital Hospital. Responses were classified according to perception and attitude. Setting: Single military hospital in Korea. Participants: A total of 483 completed surveys were included in our study; 252 of the respondents received safety education at admission. Methods: We provided educational program material to one-half of the patients at admission (intervention group). The other one-half of patients received no safety education (non-intervention group). We then performed two rounds of a self-administered survey, based on whether the patient received patient safety education. Cronbach's alpha was calculated to determine scale score reliability. Regression analysis was used to evaluate associations between education and change in scores. Results: Scores for perception and attitude were greater in the intervention group. The results of the regression analysis revealed that compared with the non-intervention respondents, the respondents who received education had higher perception (estimate: 7.809, P < 0.0001) and attitude scores (estimate: 5.539, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Our study results suggested that patient education was associated with higher scores in both perception and attitudes about safety. To improve patient engagement in this area, efficient methods that encourage patient empowerment should be developed. Specialized health care providers who provide patient level education are needed to achieve a satisfactory patient safety climate.
Full Text
https://academic.oup.com/intqhc/article/29/3/392/3091654
DOI
10.1093/intqhc/mzx037
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, So Hee(박소희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8513-5163
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/160244
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