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The course of headache in patients with moderate-to-severe headache due to mild traumatic brain injury: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Authors
 Chang-Ki Hong  ;  Jin-Yang Joo  ;  Yu Shik Shim  ;  Sook Young Sim  ;  Min A Kwon  ;  Yong Bae Kim  ;  Joonho Chung 
Citation
 Journal of Headache and Pain, Vol.18(1) : 48, 2017 
Journal Title
 Journal of Headache and Pain 
ISSN
 1129-2369 
Issue Date
2017
Keywords
Head injury ; Headache ; Post-traumatic headache ; Traumatic brain injury
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the long-term course of headache in patients with moderate-to-severe headache due to traumatic brain injury (TBI). We evaluated the course of headache in patients with moderate-to-severe headache due to mild TBI. METHODS: Since September 2009, patients with TBI prospectively rated their headache using a numeric rating scale (NRS). From the database containing 935 patients with TBI between September 2009 and December 2013, 259 patients were included according to following criteria: (1) newly onset moderate-to-severe headache (NRS ≥ 4) due to head trauma; (2) age ≥ 15 years; (3) Glasgow Coma Scale ≥ 13; (4) transient loss of consciousness ≤ 30 min; and (5) radiographic evaluation, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance image. We evaluated initial and follow-up NRS scores to determine the significance of NRS changes and identified risk factors for moderate-to-severe headache at 36-month follow-up. RESULTS: At 36-month follow-up, 225 patients (86.9%) reported improved headache (NRS ≤ 3) while 34 (13.1%) reported no improvement. The NRS scores were significantly decreased within a month (P < 0.001). The follow-up NRS scores at 12-, 24-, and 36-months were lower than those at one month (P < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that post-traumatic seizure (odds ratio, 2.162; 95% CI, 1.095-6.542; P = 0.041) and traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio, 2.854; 95% CI, 1.241-10.372; P = 0.024) were independent risk factors for moderate-to-severe headache at 36-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The course of headache in patients with mild TBI continuously improved until 36-month follow-up. However, 13.1% of patients still suffered from moderate-to-severe headache at 36-month follow-up, for whom post-traumatic seizure and traumatic intracranial hemorrhage might be risk factors.
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DOI
10.1186/s10194-017-0755-9
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Yong Bae(김용배) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2262-7157
Chung, Joon Ho(정준호)
Joo, Jin Yang(주진양)
Hong, Chang Ki(홍창기)
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/160212
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