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Abstract Word Definition in Patients with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment

Authors
 Soo Ryon Kim  ;  SangYun Kim  ;  Min Jae Baek  ;  HyangHee Kim 
Citation
 Behavioural Neurology, Vol.2015 : 580246, 2015 
Journal Title
 Behavioural Neurology 
ISSN
 0953-4180 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Aging/physiology* ; Amnesia/physiopathology* ; Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology* ; Humans ; Language Tests* ; Middle Aged ; Semantics*
Abstract
The aims of this study were to investigate concrete and abstract word definition ability (1) between patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and normal adults and (2) between the aMCI subtypes (i.e., amnestic single-domain MCI and amnestic multidomain MCI; asMCI and amMCI) and normal controls. The 68 patients with aMCI (29 asMCI and 39 amMCI) and 93 age- and education-matched normal adults performed word definition tasks composed of five concrete (e.g., train) and five abstract nouns (e.g., jealousy). Task performances were analyzed on total score, number of core meanings, and number of supplementary meanings. The results were as follows. First, the aMCI patients scored significantly poorer than the normal controls in only abstract word definition. Second, both subtypes of aMCI performed worse than the controls in only abstract word definition. In conclusion, a definition task of abstract rather than concrete concepts may provide richer information to show semantic impairment of aMCI.
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DOI
10.1155/2015/580246
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyang Hee(김향희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-2512
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/156666
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