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Myocardial Characterization Using Dual-Energy CT in Doxorubicin-Induced DCM: Comparison With CMR T1-Mapping and Histology in a Rabbit Model

 Yoo Jin Hong  ;  Tai Kyung Kim  ;  Donghyun Hong  ;  Chul Hwan Park  ;  Sae Jong Yoo  ;  Mary Ellen Wickum  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Hye-Jeong Lee  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Young Joo Suh  ;  Andreas Greiser  ;  Mun Young Paek  ;  Byoung Wook Choi 
 JACC-CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, Vol.9(7) : 836-845, 2016 
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OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate whether patterns of myocardial change in doxorubicin-induced dilated cardiomyopathy determined using dual-energy computed tomography (CT) were similar to characterization by extracellular volume fraction (ECV) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T1-mapping and collagen volume fraction (CVF) measured using histology.

BACKGROUND: Anthracycline chemoagents are effective against a wide range of malignant conditions. However, cardiotoxicity is a well-known adverse effect of these drugs. Dual-energy CT could be as useful as magnetic resonance (MR) to evaluate myocardial change in anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity.

METHODS: A dilated cardiomyopathy rabbit model was generated by injecting 11 adult New Zealand rabbits with 1.0 mg/kg of doxorubicin twice weekly for 16 weeks. Contrast-enhanced dual-energy CT and pre-contrast and post-contrast T1-mapping CMR using a prototype modified Look-Locker inversion recovery on a clinical 3-T scanner were performed on 15 rabbits, including 4 control animals, to calculate ECV at baseline, and at 6, 12, and 16 weeks after doxorubicin administration.

RESULTS: The mean ECV values (%) on CT and CMR at 6, 12, and 16 weeks after modeling were significantly higher than those measured at baseline (CT ECV: 35.3%, 41.9%, 42.1% vs. 28.5%; MR ECV: 32.6%, 35.8%, 41.3% vs. 28.8%, respectively; all p < 0.001). CT ECV and MR ECV values were well correlated (r = 0.888; p < 0.001). Both were well correlated with CVF on histology (CT ECV vs. CVF, r = 0.925, p < 0.001 and MR ECV vs. CVF, r = 0.961, p < 0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Dual-energy CT ECV correlated well with CMR and histology. Dual-energy CT is useful for characterizing doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy by measuring ECV fraction; however, further technical improvements are desirable to lower motion artifact and improve image quality of the iodine map.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Park, Chul Hwan(박철환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0004-9475
Suh, Young Joo(서영주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2078-5832
Lee, Hye Jeong(이혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
Choi, Byoung Wook(최병욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
Hur, Jin(허진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
Hong, Yoo Jin(홍유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7276-0944
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