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The frequency and clinical impact of HER2 alterations in lung adenocarcinoma

 Eun Kyung Kim  ;  Kyung A. Kim  ;  Chang Young Lee  ;  Hyo Sup Shim 
 PLOS ONE, Vol.12(2) : e0171280, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adenocarcinoma/genetics* ; Adenocarcinoma/mortality ; Adenocarcinoma/pathology ; Adult ; Aged ; Biomarkers, Tumor ; Female ; Gene Amplification ; Gene Expression ; Genes, erbB-1 ; Genes, ras ; Genetic Variation* ; Humans ; Immunohistochemistry ; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence ; Lung Neoplasms/genetics* ; Lung Neoplasms/mortality ; Lung Neoplasms/pathology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mutation ; Neoplasm Metastasis ; Neoplasm Staging ; Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics ; Prognosis ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics ; Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics ; Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics* ; Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism ; Risk Factors
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2 or ErbB2) can be overexpressed, amplified and/or mutated in malignant tumors, and is a candidate for therapeutic targeting. However, molecular associations and clinical significances of these alterations were controversial in lung cancer. In this study, we investigated the frequency and clinicopathological significance of HER2 dysregulation in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. HER2 protein overexpression, gene amplification, and gene mutation were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC), silver in situ hybridization, and direct sequencing, respectively. The H-scoring method and American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists breast cancer guidelines were used to interpret IHC results. Genetic analyses of EGFR and KRAS mutations, and of ALK and ROS1 rearrangements, were also performed. Of the 321 adenocarcinoma patients identified, HER2 overexpression (H-score ≥200) and gene amplification were found in 6 (1.9%) and 46 (14.3%), respectively. HER2 overexpression was correlated with papillary predominant histology; furthermore, it indicated poor overall survival and was an independent prognostic factor. HER2 amplification was associated with pleural invasion and showed a tendency towards shorter overall and disease-free survival. High-level gene amplification (HER2/CEP17 ratio ≥5 or copy number ≥10) was a poor prognostic factor for disease-free survival. HER2 mutations were detected in 6.7% (7 of 104) of driver oncogene-negative adenocarcinomas. Our study suggests that HER2 overexpression or amplification is a poor prognostic factor in lung adenocarcinoma, although the frequency of such events is low. Since molecular targeted agents are being tested in clinical trials, awareness of the specific HER2 status can influence the prognostic stratification and treatment of patients with molecularly defined subsets of lung adenocarcinoma.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eun Kyung(김은경)
Shim, Hyo Sup(심효섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5718-3624
Lee, Chang Young(이창영)
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