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Natural and Synthetic Coral Biomineralization for Human Bone Revitalization

Authors
 David W. Green  ;  Besim Ben-Nissan  ;  Kyung Sik Yoon  ;  Bruce Milthorpe  ;  Han-Sung Jung 
Citation
 TRENDS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol.35(1) : 43-54, 2017 
Journal Title
TRENDS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
ISSN
 0167-7799 
Issue Date
2017
MeSH
Animals ; Anthozoa/chemistry* ; Aquaculture/methods ; Bone Regeneration/physiology* ; Bone Substitutes/chemical synthesis* ; Bone Transplantation/instrumentation ; Bone Transplantation/methods* ; Calcification, Physiologic/physiology* ; Calcium Carbonate ; Humans ; Skeleton/chemistry* ; Tissue Engineering/instrumentation ; Tissue Engineering/methods*
Keywords
biomimetic materials chemistry ; bone ; coral aquaculture and mariculture ; coral biomineralization ; regenerative orthopedics ; tissue engineering
Abstract
Coral skeletons can regenerate replacement human bone in nonload-bearing excavated skeletal locations. A combination of multiscale, interconnected pores and channels and highly bioactive surface chemistry has established corals as an important alternative to using healthy host bone replacements. Here, we highlight how coral skeletal systems are being remolded into new calcified structures or synthetic corals by biomimetic processes, as places for the organized permeation of bone tissue cells and blood vessels. Progressive technologies in coral aquaculture and self-organization inorganic chemistry are helping to modify natural corals and create synthetic coral architectures able to accelerate bone regeneration with proper host integration at more skeletal locations, adapted to recent surgical techniques and used to treat intrinsic skeletal deformities and metabolic conditions.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167779916301834
DOI
10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.10.003.
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jung, Han Sung(정한성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2795-531X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/154161
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