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The 5-tiered categorization system for reporting cytology is sufficient for management of patients with thyroid nodules compared to the 6-tiered Bethesda system

 Jieun Koh  ;  Hee Jung Moon  ;  Eun-Kyung Kim  ;  Jin Young Kwak  ;  Jung Hyun Yoon 
 Endocrine, Vol.53(2) : 489-496, 2016 
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Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Biopsy, Fine-Needle ; Child ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Medical Records* ; Middle Aged ; Retrospective Studies ; Thyroid Gland/pathology* ; Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology* ; Thyroid Nodule/pathology* ; Young Adult
Cytology ; Fine-needle aspiration ; Report ; Thyroid nodule
To analyze whether the 5-tiered categorization system without the atypia of undetermined significance or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) category is sufficient compared to the 6-tiered Bethesda system. This IRB-approved retrospective study was waived informed consent. The pre-Bethesda period was from March 2008 to December 2008 and the Bethesda period was from January 2012 to January 2013. Of 4677 nodules ≥10 mm with initial ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration, 2553 nodules were from the pre-Bethesda period and 1754 nodules were from the Bethesda period. The utilization and malignancy rates of each category were compared between the two periods. The utilization rate of the benign category decreased from 67.7 % in the pre-Bethesda period to 60.0 % in the Bethesda period (p = 0.001). In the pre-Bethesda period, the malignancy rates of the non-diagnostic, benign, suspicious follicular neoplasm/H?rthle cell neoplasm, suspicious for malignancy, and malignancy categories were 3.8, 1.9, 25, 78.8, and 99.7 %, respectively. The malignancy rate of the benign category decreased from 1.9 to 0.3 % after the Bethesda system (p < 0.001). The utilization and malignancy rates of the AUS/FLUS category were 7 and 22.8 %. When the AUS/FLUS category was included in the benign category, the malignancy rate became 2.6 % which was not significantly different from 1.9 % in the pre-Bethesda period (p = 0.189). The malignancy rates of other categories were not significantly different. The 5-tiered categorization system without the AUS/FLUS category for reporting cytology was sufficient for management of patients with thyroid nodules compared to the 6-tiered categorization of the Bethesda system.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
고지은(Koh, Ji Eun)
곽진영(Kwak, Jin Young) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6212-1495
김은경(Kim, Eun-Kyung) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
문희정(Moon, Hee Jung) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5643-5885
윤정현(Yoon, Jung Hyun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2100-3513
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