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Xpert CARBA-R Assay for the Detection of Carbapenemase-Producing Organisms in Intensive Care Unit Patients of a Korean Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors
 Do-Kyun Kim  ;  Hyoung Sun Kim  ;  Naina Pinto  ;  Jongsoo Jeon  ;  Roshan D’Souza  ;  Myung Sook Kim  ;  Jun Yong Choi  ;  Dongeun Yong  ;  Seok Hoon Jeong  ;  Kyungwon Lee 
Citation
 Annals of Laboratory Medicine, Vol.36(2) : 162-165, 2016 
Journal Title
 Annals of Laboratory Medicine 
ISSN
 2234-3806 
Issue Date
2016
MeSH
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology ; Bacterial Proteins/genetics* ; Bacterial Proteins/metabolism ; DNA, Bacterial/analysis ; Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/genetics ; Enterobacteriaceae/drug effects ; Enterobacteriaceae/genetics ; Enterobacteriaceae/isolation & purification* ; Feces/microbiology ; Humans ; Imipenem/pharmacology ; Intensive Care Units ; Klebsiella pneumoniae/drug effects ; Klebsiella pneumoniae/genetics ; Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolation & purification* ; Reagent Kits, Diagnostic ; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Republic of Korea ; Tertiary Healthcare ; beta-Lactamases/genetics* ; beta-Lactamases/metabolism
Keywords
Carbapenem-resistant organisms ; Carbapenemase-producing organisms ; Colonization ; Intensive care unit ; Xpert CARBA-R
Abstract
Carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPO) are rapidly disseminating worldwide, and their presence in tertiary care hospitals poses a significant threat to the management of nosocomial infections. There is a need to control CPO, especially in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, because these organisms are resistant to most β-lactam antibiotics and are easily transmitted. At present, the identification of CPO is time-consuming; hence, this study focused on the use of the Xpert CARBA-R assay (Cepheid, USA) to determine intestinal colonization rates of CPO in patients admitted to the ICU of a tertiary care hospital in Korea. Forty clinical stool samples were collected and inoculated both in a CARBA-R cartridge and in conventional culture plates. The CARBA-R assay required only ~one hour to screen CPO, while the time required for conventional culture was over three days. We also found that the prevalences of intestinal colonization by carbapenem-resistant organisms and Enterobacteriaceae were 17.5% (7 out of 40) and 7.5% (3 out of 40), respectively. Among the colonizing strains, three that contained carbapenemase, including Klebsiella pneumonia carbapenemase (KPC), and imipenem (IMP) and Verona integron-mediated metallo-β-lactamase (VIM) were found. With its convenience, the Xpert CARBA-R assay can be included in CPO surveillance strategies
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.3343/alm.2016.36.2.162
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
용동은(Yong, Dong Eun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
이경원(Lee, Kyungwon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
정석훈(Jeong, Seok Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9290-897X
최준용(Choi, Jun Yong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2775-3315
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/151873
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