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De novo osteogenesis from human ligamentum flavum by adenovirus-mediated bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene transfer

 Ick-Hwan Yang  ;  Hyang Kim  ;  Un-Hye Kwon  ;  Kwang-Il Lee  ;  Ji-Ae Jun  ;  Joo-Hang Kim  ;  Che-Ok Yun  ;  Si-Young Park  ;  Hwan-Mo Lee  ;  Seong-Hwan Moon 
 SPINE, Vol.30(24) : 2749-2754, 2005 
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STUDY DESIGN: In vitro and in vivo experiment using degenerated human ligamentum flavum (LF) and Type 5 adenovirus construct with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) cDNA. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate in vitro and in vivo osteogenic effect of BMP-2 gene transfer to human LF and to propose genetically modified LF as a substitute for autogenous bone graft in spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal fusion is still considered to be an important option for treating various spinal disorders. To induce solid spinal fusion, osteoinductive and/or osteoconductive agents have been widely adopted. Autogenous LF, however, has never been seriously considered as a carrier for ex vivo osteoinductive gene therapy for spinal fusion. METHODS: In vitro experiment: Degenerated human LF was harvested and cultured. Type 5 adenovirus lacZ (Ad/lacZ) and BMP-2 construct (Ad/BMP-2) were produced. LF cell cultures were then exposed to Ad/BMP-2. Expressions of osteocalcin and BMP-2 mRNA were analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Western blot analysis was performed to detect osteocalcin protein. Alkaline phosphatase and von Kossa stains were used to detect osteogenic markers and bone nodule formation, respectively. In vivo experiment: Human LF tissues treated with Ad/lacZ, Ad/BMP-2, and saline were implanted into the subcutaneous tissue of nude mice. After 4 weeks, nude mice were radiographed and killed. Implanted LF tissues were harvested and histologically stained. RESULTS: LF cell cultures with Ad/BMP-2 revealed strong expression of BMP-2 and osteocalcin mRNA in RT-PCR and osteocalcin protein in western blot analysis. LF cell culture with saline showed baseline expression of BMP-2, osteocalcin mRNA, and osteocalcin protein, respectively. Furthermore, LF cell culture with Ad/BMP-2 demonstrated the expression of alkaline phosphatase and bone nodule formation in the aforementioned histochemical stain. LF tissues with Ad/BMP-2 revealed de novo osteogenesis in nude mice, whereas LF with Ad/lacZ or saline showed only remaining LF tissue without sign of bone formation. CONCLUSION: Human LF cells transduced with Ad/BMP-2 exhibited the expression of osteogenic phenotype and bone nodule formation. Additionally, genetically modified human LF with BMP-2 cDNA clearly demonstrated de novo osteogenesis, which supports the concept that biologically modified LF can be a substitute for autogenous bone graft in spinal fusion surgery.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Joo Hang(김주항)
Moon, Seong Hwan(문성환)
Park, Si Young(박시영)
Yang, Ick Hwan(양익환)
Yun, Chae Ok(윤채옥)
Lee, Hwan Mo(이환모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5405-3832
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