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Stent-Assisted Angioplasty of Symptomatic Intracranial Vertebrobasilar Artery Stenosis: Feasibility and Follow-up Results

 Dong Joon Kim  ;  Byung Hee Lee  ;  Dong Ik Kim  ;  Won Heum Shim  ;  Pyoung Jeon  ;  Tae Hong Lee 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY, Vol.26(6) : 1381-1388, 2005 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Angioplasty, Balloon/methods* ; Feasibility Studies ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Stents* ; Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency/diagnosis ; Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency/therapy*
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The natural history of symptomatic, untreated posterior circulation stenosis is dismal, with many patients experiencing significant morbidity or mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and results of stent-assisted angioplasty of symptomatic intracranial vertebrobasilar artery stenosis. METHODS: We reviewed the imaging findings and medical records of 17 consecutive patients who were treated with stent-assisted angioplasty for medically refractory vertebrobasilar artery stenosis. The location of the lesion, degree of stenosis, procedure-related complications, and clinical and short- and long-term angiographic results were assessed. RESULTS: The population included 17 cases (10 men, seven women; age range, 51-74 years; mean, 64 years). The locations of the lesions were intracranial vertebral artery (n = 13) and basilar artery (n = 6). The mean degree of stenosis decreased from 76.1 +/- 14.6% before stent-assisted angioplasty to 1.3 +/- 2.8% (P < .05) after the procedure. Acute in-stent thrombosis developed in one case (6%, Mori type B lesion), which was successfully treated with intraarterial abciximab infusion and angioplasty. Another patient (6%, Mori type C lesion) developed immediate postprocedural transient diplopia and ataxia, which gradually resolved. No other patient showed symptoms related to the vertebrobasilar artery lesion at follow-up. No significant restenosis was observed at short-term (five patients; follow-up range, 0.5-6 months; mean, 4.3 months) or long-term (six patients; follow-up range, 12-41 months; mean, 21 months) angiographic follow-up. CONCLUSION: Stent-assisted angioplasty is a feasible treatment method for vertebrobasilar artery stenosis. The patency of the stent-assisted angioplasty seems to be preserved in the long-term, with good clinical outcome.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Ik(김동익)
Kim, Dong Joon(김동준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7035-087X
Shim, Won Heum(심원흠)
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