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Effects of dexmedetomidine on oxygenation and lung mechanics in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing lung cancer surgery: A randomised double-blinded trial

 Su Hyun Lee  ;  Namo Kim  ;  Chang Yeong Lee  ;  Min Gi Ban  ;  Young Jun Oh 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/administration & dosage* ; Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/adverse effects ; Aged ; Bronchodilator Agents/administration & dosage* ; Bronchodilator Agents/adverse effects ; Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage* ; Dexmedetomidine/adverse effects ; Double-Blind Method ; Drug Administration Schedule ; Female ; Hospitals, University ; Humans ; Lung/drug effects* ; Lung/physiopathology ; Lung/surgery* ; Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis ; Lung Neoplasms/physiopathology ; Lung Neoplasms/surgery* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Pneumonectomy*/adverse effects ; Pneumonectomy*/methods ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy* ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology ; Republic of Korea ; Respiratory Mechanics/drug effects* ; Severity of Illness Index ; Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted*/adverse effects ; Time Factors ; Treatment Outcome
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a risk factor that increases the incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality after lung resection. Dexmedetomidine, a selective α2-adrenoreceptor agonist, has been reported previously to attenuate intrapulmonary shunt during one-lung ventilation (OLV) and to alleviate bronchoconstriction. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to determine whether dexmedetomidine improves oxygenation and lung mechanics in patients with moderate COPD during lung cancer surgery. DESIGN: A randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty patients scheduled for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery who had moderate COPD. Patients were randomly allocated to a control group or a Dex group (n = 25 each). INTERVENTIONS: In the Dex group, dexmedetomidine was given as an initial loading dose of 1.0  μg  kg(-1) over 10  min followed by a maintenance dose of 0.5  μg  kg(-1)  h(-1) during OLV while the control group was administered a comparable volume of 0.9% saline. Data were measured at 30  min (DEX-30) and 60  min (DEX-60) after dexmedetomidine or saline administration during OLV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the effect of dexmedetomidine on oxygenation. The secondary outcome was the effect of dexmedetomidine administration on postoperative pulmonary complications. RESULTS: Patients in the Dex group had a significantly higher PaO2/FIO2 ratio (27.9 ± 5.8 vs. 22.5 ± 8.4 and 28.6 ± 5.9 vs. 21.0 ± 9.9 kPa, P < 0.05), significantly lower dead space ventilation (19.2 ± 8.5 vs. 24.1 ± 8.1 and 19.6 ± 6.7 vs. 25.3 ± 7.8%, P < 0.05) and higher dynamic compliance at DEX-30 and DEX-60 (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.0184) compared with the control group. In the Dex group, the PaO2/FIO2 ratio in the postoperative period was significantly higher (P = 0.022) and the incidence of ICU admission was lower than in the control group. CONCLUSION: Dexmedetomidine administration may provide clinically relevant benefits by improving oxygenation and lung mechanics in patients with moderate COPD undergoing lung cancer surgery.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Namo(김남오) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0829-490X
Ban, Min Gi(반민지) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1116-9472
Oh, Young Jun(오영준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6258-5695
Lee, Su Hyun(이수현)
Lee, Chang Young(이창영)
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