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Parent Involvement Intervention in Developing Weight Management Skills for both Parents and Overweight/Obese Children

 Hee Soon Kim  ;  Jiyoung Park  ;  Kye-yeong Park  ;  Myung-Nam Lee  ;  Ok Kyung Ham 
 ASIAN NURSING RESEARCH, Vol.10(1) : 11-17, 2016 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Attitude to Health ; Body Weight Maintenance* ; Child ; Diet Therapy/psychology* ; Feeding Behavior/psychology* ; Female ; Health Promotion/methods* ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Parent-Child Relations ; Parenting/psychology ; Parents/psychology* ; Pediatric Obesity/prevention & control* ; Republic of Korea
child ; diet ; family ; obesity ; parent-child relations
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a parent involvement intervention for childhood obesity intended to increase parents' skills in managing children's weight-related behavior and to improve child-parent relationships. Many studies reported on parental influence on childhood obesity, emphasizing parent involvement in prevention and management of childhood obesity. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Forty-two parents of overweight/obese children were recruited from four cities and randomized to the experimental group or control group. The parental intervention was provided only to parents in the experimental group and consisted of weekly newsletters and text messages for a period of 5 weeks. Exercise classes and nutrition education were provided to all children. Lifestyle Behaviour Checklist and the Child-Parent Relationship Scale (CPRS) were used for measurement of parent outcome. For the child outcome, dietary self-efficacy, exercise frequency, and body mass index were measured. A mixed-design analysis of variance was performed with city location entered as a random effect. RESULTS: After the intervention, CPRS of parents and dietary self-efficacy of children showed an increase in the experimental group (p < .05). Intervention effects differed significantly according to the city location regarding the control efficacy of parents and dietary self-efficacy of children (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The results support the effectiveness of the parent involvement intervention in promoting child-parent relationship and dietary self-efficacy of children. However, a 5-week parent involvement intervention was not sufficient to produce significant changes in children's body mass index. Further research is needed to investigate effects of parent involvement intervention with long-term evaluation.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hee Soon(김희순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6656-0308
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