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Change in Pulmonary Function after Incentive Spirometer Exercise in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A Randomized Controlled Study

Authors
 Ja Young Choi  ;  Dong-wook Rha  ;  Eun Sook Park 
Citation
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.57(3) : 769-775, 2016 
Journal Title
YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2016
MeSH
Adolescent ; Body Fluids ; Breathing Exercises/methods* ; Cerebral Palsy/complications ; Cerebral Palsy/physiopathology* ; Child ; Exercise* ; Female ; Forced Expiratory Volume ; Humans ; Lung ; Male ; Motivation ; Spirometry* ; Treatment Outcome
Keywords
Pulmonary function ; cerebral palsy ; incentive spirometer
Abstract
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of incentive spirometer exercise (ISE) on pulmonary function and maximal phonation time (MPT) in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty children with CP were randomly assigned to two groups: the experimental group and the control group. Both groups underwent comprehensive rehabilitation therapy. The experimental group underwent additional ISE. The forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV₁), FEV₁/FVC ratio, peak expiratory flow (PEF), and MPT were assessed as outcome measures before and after 4 weeks of training.
RESULTS: There were significant improvements in FVC, FEV₁, PEF, and MPT in the experimental group, but not in the control group. In addition, the improvements in FVC, FEV₁, and MPT were significantly greater in the experimental group than in the control group.
CONCLUSION: The results of this randomized controlled study support the use of ISE for enhancing pulmonary function and breath control for speech production in children with CP.
Files in This Item:
T201600875.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2016.57.3.769
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Rha, Dong Wook(나동욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7153-4937
Park, Eun Sook(박은숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9144-3063
Choi, Ja Young(최자영)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/146555
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