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한국판 양성 및 음성증후군 척도(Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale)의 신뢰도와 타당도

Other Titles
 Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale 
 이중서  ;  안용민  ;  신현균  ;  안석균  ;  주연호  ;  김승현  ;  윤도준  ;  조경형  ;  구영진  ;  이지연  ;  조인희  ;  박영환  ;  김광수  ;  김용식 
 Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (신경정신의학), Vol.40(6) : 1090-1105, 2001 
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association(신경정신의학)
Issue Date
Objectives: We tested the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the PANSS(PANSS-KV).

Methods: The PANSS ratings were obtained from 101 subjects with DSM-Ⅳ diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizophreniform disorder. To study the concurrent validity, the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms(SAPS) and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms(SANS) were also administrated in 38 patients. Using these data, inter-rater reliability, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, criterion validity and concurrent validity were evaluated. Factor structure
was analyzed by the principal axis factoring.

Results: The inter-rater reliability of the Korean version of the PANSS was satisfactory in positive (r=0.92) and negative syndrome subscales(r=0.86), but somewhat low in general psychopathology subscale(r=0.78). The test-retest correlations for the 3 PANSS subscales ranged between 0.89 and 0.95, so it showed excellent test-retest reliability. The Cronbach's α for the positive, negative and general psychopathology subscales were 0.73, 0.84 and 0.74, respectively and thus the 3 subscales of the PANSS had good internal consistencies. All separate items revealed significant corrected item-total correlations in the positive and negative syndrome subscales, but some items of the general psychopathology subscale showed no or low corrected item-total correlations. The positive and negative syndrome subscales held a high concurrent validity in relation to the SAPS and the SANS. It was confirmed that positive and negative syndromes were independent constructs. The factor analysis by the principal axis factoring produced 5 components;cognitive, excitement, depression, positive and negative.

Conclusion: These findings prove that the reliability and validity of the PANSS-KV are comparable to those of the original PANSS. So, the PANSS-KV can be widely and extensively used in researches for schizophrenia.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
An, Suk Kyoon(안석균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-6184
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