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Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis in Solid Tumors ; Clinical Manifestation and Treatment

 Joon Oh Park  ;  Hyun Joon Shin  ;  Hyung Jong Kim  ;  Sang Wook Lee  ;  Hei Cheul Jeung  ;  Seung Min Kim  ;  내Nae Choon Yoo  ;  Hyun Cheol Chung  ;  Joo Hang Kim  ;  Byung Soo Kim  ;  Jin Sik Min  ;  Jae Kyung Roh 
 Journal of the Korean Cancer Association (대한암학회지), Vol.33(1) : 34-40, 2001 
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association(대한암학회지)
Issue Date
leptomeningeal carcinomatosis ; intrathecal chemotherapy ; radiotherapy
Purpose: Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis occurs in about 5% of patients with solid tumor and is being diagnosed with increasing frequency as patients live longer and as neuro-imaging studies improve. In general, the most commom cancers that involved the leptomeninges are breast cancer, lung cancer, and malignant melanoma. Materials and Methods: We investigated 25 patients presented with multiple neurologic symptoms and signs who were diagnosed with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis at the Yonsei Cancer Center from January 1990 to December 1999. Results: The primary disease of leptomeningeal car- cinomatosis were stomach cancer (10 cases), breast cancer (7 cases), lung cancer (5 cases), unknown primary cancer (2 cases) and common bile duct cancer (1 case). All patients were presented with multiple neurologic symptoms and signs involving the central nervous sys- tem (CNS), cranial nerve or spinal nerves. Twenty-one of twenty - five patients were treated with intrathecal chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or combination therapy. Four- teen of them (66.7%) experienced improvement or stabilization of neurologic symptom and sign. The median survival was 122 days (10-2190). Conclusion: In conclusion, although early diagnosis and active treatment of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis may improve the quality of life in selected patients, the median survival was relatively short. Therefore, new diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis were needed.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Roh, Jae Kyung(노재경)
Chung, Hyun Cheol(정현철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0920-9471
Jeung, Hei Cheul(정희철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-3679
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