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Cytomorphologic features in thyroid nodules read as "suspicious for malignancy" on cytology may predict thyroid cancers with the BRAF mutation

 Hyeong Ju Kwon  ;  Eun-Kyung Kim  ;  Jin Young Kwak 
 PATHOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE, Vol.211(9) : 671-676, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics* ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; Diagnosis, Differential ; Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration ; Female ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mutation* ; Phenotype ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Prognosis ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics* ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Factors ; Thyroid Neoplasms/enzymology ; Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics* ; Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology* ; Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery ; Thyroid Nodule/enzymology ; Thyroid Nodule/genetics* ; Thyroid Nodule/pathology* ; Thyroid Nodule/surgery ; Tumor Burden ; Young Adult
BRAF(V600E) ; Fine-needle aspiration biopsy ; Molecular marker testing ; Suspicious for malignancy ; Thyroid neoplasms
Some morphologic parameters have been studied to help predict the BRAF(V600E) mutation using cytopathologic specimens, which can indicate which nodules should undergo further testing. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of cytomorphologic parameters to predict the BRAF(V600E) mutation in nodules read as "suspicious for malignancy" on cytology. This study included 142 resected nodules which were diagnosed as "suspicious for malignancy" on cytology in 142 patients. At our institution, BRAF(V600E) mutation analysis was performed at the request of the referring clinicians based on the clinical features of the patients, or the judgment of the radiologists performing US-FNA because suspicious US features were observed on the targeted nodule during this study period. Cytology smears were re-reviewed to assess the presence and amount of polygonal eosinophilic (plump) cells and microfollicles, and the presence of intranuclear pseudoinclusions, irregular nuclear membranes, nuclear grooves, sickles cells, psammoma bodies, and cystic changes. We evaluated the diagnostic performances of the cytomorphologic features to predict the BRAF(V600E) mutation. Polygonal eosinophilic (plump) cells, microfollicles, intranuclear pseudoinclusions, sickle cells, and cystic changes were significantly associated with the BRAF(V600E) mutation. The mutation was not present in all 6 thyroid nodules with microfollicles larger than 20% on cytology. Additionally, polygonal eosinophilic (plump) cells larger than 20%, cystic changes, and sickle cells on cytology had a high specificity of 95%, 96.7%, and 81.7%, respectively. Excluding 6 nodules with microfollicles larger than 20% on cytology, there were 82 (60.3%) nodules with the BRAF(V600E) mutation among the 136 nodules. Among the 136 nodules, there were 95 nodules with polygonal eosinophilic (plump) cells larger than 20%, cystic changes, or sickle cells on cytology. Of the 95 nodules, 69 (72.6%) had the mutation. Cytomorphologic features can help select nodules for the BRAF(V600E) mutation test among nodules read as "suspicious for malignancy" on cytology.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwak, Jin Young(곽진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6212-1495
Kwon, Hyeong Ju(권형주)
Kim, Eun-Kyung(김은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
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