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Ivy Sign on Fluid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery Images in Moyamoya Disease: Correlation with Clinical Severity and Old Brain Lesions

 Kwon-Duk Seo  ;  Sang Hyun Suh  ;  Yong Bae Kim  ;  Ji Hwa Kim  ;  Sung Jun Ahn  ;  Dong-Seok Kim  ;  Kyung-Yul Lee 
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.56(5) : 1322-1327, 2015 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: Leptomeningeal collateral, in moyamoya disease (MMD), appears as an ivy sign on fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) images. There has been little investigation into the relationship between presentation of ivy signs and old brain lesions. We aimed to evaluate clinical significance of ivy signs and whether they correlate with old brain lesions and the severity of clinical symptoms in patients with MMD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: FLAIR images of 83 patients were reviewed. Each cerebral hemisphere was divided into 4 regions and each region was scored based on the prominence of the ivy sign. Total ivy score (TIS) was defined as the sum of the scores from the eight regions and dominant hemispheric ivy sign (DHI) was determined by comparing the ivy scores from each hemisphere. According to the degree of ischemic symptoms, patients were classified into four subgroups: 1) nonspecific symptoms without motor weakness, 2) single transient ischemic attack (TIA), 3) recurrent TIA, or 4) complete stroke. RESULTS: TIS was significantly different as follows: 4.86±2.55 in patients with nonspecific symptoms, 5.89±3.10 in patients with single TIA, 9.60±3.98 in patients with recurrent TIA and 8.37±3.39 in patients with complete stroke (p=0.003). TIS associated with old lesions was significantly higher than those not associated with old lesions (9.35±4.22 vs. 7.49±3.37, p=0.032). We found a significant correlation between DHI and motor symptoms (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Because TIS has a strong tendency with severity of ischemic motor symptom and the presence of old lesions, the ivy sign may be useful in predicting severity of disease progression.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김동석(Kim, Dong Seok)
김용배(Kim, Yong Bae) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2262-7157
김지화(Kim, Ji Hwa)
서권덕(Seo, Kwon Duk)
서상현(Suh, Sang Hyun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7098-4901
안성준(Ahn, Sung Jun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0075-2432
이경열(Lee, Kyung Yul) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5585-7739
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