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Glucagon levels, disease severity, and outcome in severe sepsis

 Jung, Won Jai  ;  Park, Byung Hoon  ;  Chung, Kyung Soo  ;  Kim, Song Yee  ;  Kim, Eun Young  ;  Jung, Ji Ye  ;  Kang, Young Ae  ;  Kim, Young Sam  ;  Kim, Se Kyu  ;  Chang, Joon  ;  Park, Moo Suk 
 SHOCK, Vol.43(6) : 563-568, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Biomarkers/blood* ; Female ; Glucagon/blood* ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Retrospective Studies ; Sepsis/blood* ; Shock, Septic/blood ; Young Adult
Glucagon ; sepsis ; intensive care unit ; disease severity ; mortality ; septic shock
PURPOSE: Few studies on plasma glucagon levels in patients with sepsis have been performed. We aimed to assess clinical value of glucagon levels in comparison with clinical parameters and severity scores in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.
METHODS: A total of 112 patients who were admitted to intensive care unit with severe sepsis or septic shock were included. Plasma levels of glucagon on days 0, 1, 3, and 7 were serially measured in 112 patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.
RESULTS: Compared with survivors, patients who died within 28 days had significantly higher glucagon levels on every day of examination. Glucagon levels were positively correlated with and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (day 0, r = 0.288, P < 0.01) and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (day 0, r = 0.482, P< 0.01; day 1, r = 0.588, P < 0.01; day 3, r = 0.480, P < 0.01; day 7, r = 0.454, P < 0.01). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the area under the curve of glucagon levels to predict 28-day survival was 0.65 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.55-0.75; P = 0.005), similar to the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores. Multivariate analysis revealed that glucagon levels of greater than 70 pg/mL (hazard ratio, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.03-3.29) and chronic liver disease (hazard ratio, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.02-3.79) were associated with mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: Glucagon levels might reflect disease severity and clinical outcomes in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Young Ae(강영애) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7783-5271
Kim, Se Kyu(김세규)
Kim, Song Yee(김송이) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8627-486X
Kim, Young Sam(김영삼) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9656-8482
Kim, Eun Young(김은영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3281-5744
Park, Moo Suk(박무석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0820-7615
Park, Byung Hoon(박병훈)
Chang, Joon(장준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4542-6841
Jung, Kyung Soo(정경수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1604-8730
Jung, Won Jai(정원재)
Jung, Ji Ye(정지예) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1589-4142
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