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Impact of malocclusion and common oral diseases on oral health-related quality of life in young adults

Authors
 Sung-Hwan Choi  ;  Baek-Il Kim  ;  Jung-Yul Cha  ;  Chung-Ju Hwang 
Citation
 American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vol.147(5) : 587-595, 2015 
Journal Title
 American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 
ISSN
 0889-5406 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the association between malocclusion and oral health-related quality of life in young adults without orthodontic treatment, controlling for sociodemographic factors and common oral diseases. METHODS: The sample consisted of 429 Korean patients (328 men, 101 women) 18 to 32 years of age. They completed the Korean version of the oral health impact profile-14 questionnaire and had a clinical examination, including an assessment with the index of orthodontic treatment need-dental health component. We collected sociodemographic information (age, sex, and education level) and evaluated other common oral diseases (decayed, missing, and filled teeth; periodontal health status; temporomandibular disorder; and oral soft tissue diseases). RESULTS: Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients requiring extensive orthodontic treatment were more than 2.7 times as likely to have poor oral health-related quality of life as the corresponding "no treatment needed" reference group (odds ratio, 2.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.60-4.59; P <0.001). Severe malocclusion is significantly associated with functional limitations, physical pain, and social disability in young adults. CONCLUSIONS: Malocclusion is a key factor associated with poor quality of life caused by limited oral function, pain, and social disability in young adults.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889540615000396
DOI
10.1016/j.ajodo.2014.12.025
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Dentistry and Public Oral Health (예방치과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김백일(Kim, Baek Il) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8234-2327
차정열(Cha, Jung Yul)
최성환(Choi, Sung Hwan) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
황충주(Hwang, Chung Ju) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3024-4551
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140047
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