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Gender differences in hypertension control among older korean adults: Korean social life, health, and aging project

 Sang Hui Chu  ;  Ji Won Baek  ;  Eun Sook Kim  ;  Katherine M. Stefani  ;  Won Joon Lee  ;  Yeong-Ran Park  ;  Yoosik Youm  ;  Hyeon Chang Kim 
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol.48(1) : 38-47, 2015 
Journal Title
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 
Issue Date
Aged ; Aging* ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group ; Awareness ; Blood Pressure ; Body Mass Index ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Health Status* ; Humans ; Hypertension/diagnosis ; Hypertension/epidemiology ; Hypertension/prevention & control* ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Odds Ratio ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Sex Factors
Gender identity ; Hypertension ; Management ; Older adults
OBJECTIVES: Controlling blood pressure is a key step in reducing cardiovascular mortality in older adults. Gender differences in patients' attitudes after disease diagnosis and their management of the disease have been identified. However, it is unclear whether gender differences exist in hypertension management among older adults. We hypothesized that gender differences would exist among factors associated with hypertension diagnosis and control among community-dwelling, older adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data from 653 Koreans aged ≥60 years who participated in the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. Multiple logistic regression was used to compare several variables between undiagnosed and diagnosed hypertension, and between uncontrolled and controlled hypertension. RESULTS: Diabetes was more prevalent in men and women who had uncontrolled hypertension than those with controlled hypertension or undiagnosed hypertension. High body mass index was significantly associated with uncontrolled hypertension only in men. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that in women, awareness of one's blood pressure level (odds ratio [OR], 2.86; p=0.003) and the number of blood pressure checkups over the previous year (OR, 1.06; p=0.011) might influence the likelihood of being diagnosed with hypertension. More highly educated women were more likely to have controlled hypertension than non-educated women (OR, 5.23; p=0.013). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that gender differences exist among factors associated with hypertension diagnosis and control in the study population of community-dwelling, older adults. Education-based health promotion strategies for hypertension control might be more effective in elderly women than in elderly men. Gender-specific approaches may be required to effectively control hypertension among older adults.
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Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyeon Chang(김현창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
Lee, Won Joon(이원준)
Chu, Sang Hui(추상희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6877-5599
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