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Adjuvant radiotherapy outcome of stage I testicular seminoma: a single institution study

Authors
 Hayoon Lee  ;  Jun Won Kim  ;  Sung Joon Hong  ;  Seung Choul Yang  ;  Young Deuk Choi  ;  Koon Ho Rha  ;  Jaeho Cho 
Citation
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.56(1) : 24-30, 2015 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adult ; Disease-Free Survival ; Dose Fractionation ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology ; Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects ; Seminoma/radiotherapy* ; Testicular Neoplasms/radiotherapy* ; Treatment Outcome ; Young Adult
Keywords
Testicular seminoma ; late complication ; para-aortic radiotherapy ; secondary malignancy
Abstract
PURPOSE: To analyze treatment outcome and side effects of adjuvant radiotherapy using radiotherapy fields and doses which have evolved over the last two decades in a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients received radiotherapy after orchiectomy from 1996 to 2007. At our institution, the treatment field for stage I seminoma has changed from dog-leg (DL) field prior to 2003 to paraaortic (PA) field after 2003. Fifteen patients were treated with the classic fractionation scheme of 25.5 Gy at 1.5 Gy per fraction. Other patients had been treated with modified schedules of 25.05 Gy at 1.67 Gy per fraction (n=15) and 25.2 Gy at 1.8 Gy per fraction (n=11). RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 112 months, the 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 100% and 96%, respectively, and 5-year and 10-year relapse-free survival rates were both 97.1%. No in-field recurrence occurred. Contralateral seminoma occurred in one patient 5 years after treatment. No grade III-IV acute toxicity occurred. An increased rate of grade 1-2 acute hematologic toxicity was found in patients with longer overall treatment times due to 1.5 Gy per fraction. The rate of grade 2 acute gastrointestinal toxicity was significantly higher with DL field than with PA field and also higher in the 1.8-Gy group than in the 1.5-Gy and 1.67-Gy groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with stage I seminoma were safely treated with PA-only radiotherapy with no pelvic failure. Optimal fractionation schedule needs to be explored further in order to minimize treatment-related toxicity.
Files in This Item:
T201500131.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2015.56.1.24
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jun Won(김준원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1358-364X
Rha, Koon Ho(나군호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8588-7584
Yang, Seung Choul(양승철)
Cho, Jae Ho(조재호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9966-5157
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
Hong, Sung Joon(홍성준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9869-065X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/139239
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